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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2011, Article ID 869536, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/869536
Research Article

Continuous Glucose Monitoring for Evaluation of Glycemic Excursions after Gastric Bypass

1Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston 02115, MA, USA
2Joslin Diabetes Center, Boston, MA 02215, USA
3Harvard Medical School, Boston 02115, MA, USA

Received 4 November 2010; Accepted 13 January 2011

Academic Editor: Eric Doucet

Copyright © 2011 Florencia Halperin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia with neuroglycopenia is a rare complication of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). We hypothesized that continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) would be useful to characterize glycemic variability after RYGB. Methods. CGM and mixed meal tolerance testing (MMTT) were performed on sixteen post-RYGB subjects, ten with a history of neuroglycopenia on medical treatment and six asymptomatic controls. Results. 9 of 10 subjects with neuroglycopenia developed hypoglycemia defined by glucose <70 mg/dL on CGM, and 3 of 9 on MMTT. In asymptomatic subjects, 3 of 6 had asymptomatic hypoglycemia during CGM, and 3 of 5 on MMTT. Therefore, the sensitivity and specificity to detect clinically significant hypoglycemia was 90% and 50% for CGM and 33% and 40% for MMTT.Conclusions. Asymptomatic hypoglycemia after RYGB is more frequent than commonly recognized. For clinicians evaluating patients for postbypass neuroglycopenia, CGM may be a valuable diagnostic tool.