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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2014, Article ID 710602, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/710602
Research Article

Associations of Subjective Social Status with Physical Activity and Body Mass Index across Four Asian Countries

1College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
2Graduate Institute of Health Policy and Management, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan

Received 7 February 2014; Revised 29 April 2014; Accepted 6 May 2014; Published 28 May 2014

Academic Editor: Eric Doucet

Copyright © 2014 Leah Frerichs et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. The aims of this study were to (1) assess physical activity and weight status differences and (2) explore the direction and shape of subjective social status (SSS) association with physical activity and weight status within four Asian countries. Methods. Cross section data of adult respondents from the nationally representative East Asian Social Survey were used for analyses. Logistic regression stratified by gender was conducted for the first aim, and simple and quadratic logistic regression models were used for the second. Results. SSS was significantly associated with odds of weekly or daily physical activity across all countries and genders, except for South Korean and Japanese females. Quadratic models provided significantly better fit for Chinese males (LR (d.f. = 1) = 6.51, P value ) and females (LR (d.f. = 1) = 7.36, P value ), South Korean males (LR (d.f. = 1) = 4.40, P value ), and Taiwanese females (LR (d.f. = 1) = 4.87, P value ). Conclusions. This study provides a comparable cross Asian country measure of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and new findings that a connection exists between SSS and physical activity. Differences of class distinction help explain the different shaped SSS relationships.