Journal of Obesity / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Is Acculturation Related to Obesity in Hispanic/Latino Adults? Results from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Table 1

Adjusted odds ratio (OR) for the association of moderate and extreme obesity with Hispanic background, sociodemographic variables, and acculturation.

Overweight
(BMI = 25–29.9 kg/m2)
OR (95% CI)
Moderate obesity
(BMI = 30–39 kg/m2)
OR (95% CI)
Extreme obesity
(BMI ≥ 40 kg/m2)
OR (95% CI)

Hispanic/Latino background
 Central-American
  Bronx versus Chicago1.07 (0.56, 2.04)1.40 (0.76, 2.59)1.06 (0.40, 2.81)
  Miami versus Chicago0.99 (0.64, 1.54)1.33 (0.92, 1.93)1.52 (0.75, 3.07)
  Bronx versus Miami1.07 (0.58, 1.98)1.05 (0.60, 1.85)0.70 (0.29, 1.69)
 Mexican
  Bronx versus Chicago1.42 (0.83, 2.43)1.66 (0.94, 2.93)0.13 (0.03, 0.58)
  Chicago versus San Diego1.06 (0.86, 1.31)1.30 (1.02, 1.64)1.40 (0.95, 2.07)
  San Diego versus Bronx0.66 (0.38, 1.15)0.47 (0.26, 0.83)5.48 (1.23, 24.50)
 Puerto Rican
  Bronx versus Chicago1.39 (0.97, 2.01)1.22 (0.83, 1.80)1.78 (1.04, 3.06)
 South American
  Bronx versus Chicago1.31 (0.67, 2.57)1.32 (0.63, 2.76)2.49 (0.78, 7.90)
  Chicago versus Miami1.60 (1.02, 2.51)1.62 (0.96, 2.75)0.66 (0.19, 2.22)
  Bronx versus Miami2.10 (1.05, 4.18)2.15 (1.06, 4.37)1.63 (0.51, 5.26)
Household income
 Missing0.77 (0.60, 0.99)0.81 (0.62, 1.06)0.82 (0.53, 1.29)
$20,0001.05 (0.87, 1.28)1.13 (0.92, 1.38)1.62 (1.17, 2.26)
 $20,001–$40,0000.99 (0.81, 1.21)1.10 (0.89, 1.36)1.65 (1.16, 2.34)
 >$40,000ReferenceReferenceReference
Educational attainment
 Less than high school education1.10 (0.93, 1.32)1.19 (1.00, 1.42)1.21 (0.90, 1.62)
 High school education or equivalent1.07 (0.91, 1.25)1.10 (0.93, 1.31)1.30 (0.95, 1.77)
 Greater than high school educationReferenceReferenceReference
Number of years living in the US
 Less than 20 yearsReferenceReferenceReference
20 years0.98 (0.82, 1.17)1.30 (1.10, 1.54)2.12 (1.59, 2.83)
 Born mainland US0.91 (0.72, 1.16)1.30 (1.00, 1.69)2.77 (1.88, 4.08)
Acculturation (SASH)
 Language acculturation1.03 (0.94, 1.14)1.06 (0.94, 1.18)1.16 (1.00, 1.35)
 Social relations0.87 (0.77, 0.99)0.91 (0.80, 1.05)0.95 (0.78, 1.17)
Type of food eaten (dietary acculturation)
 Mainly HispanicReferenceReferenceReference
 Mostly Hispanic1.05 (0.91, 1.23)0.96 (0.83, 1.10)1.22 (0.93, 1.60)
 Equal amounts1.03 (0.84, 1.27)1.07 (0.89, 1.30)1.45 (1.04, 2.02)
 Mainly/mostly American0.88 (0.61, 1.27)1.03 (0.71, 1.50)0.55 (0.31, 0.95)

From generalized logistic regression model adjusted for all covariates listed in the table plus sex, age group, and sampling weights.

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