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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 215683, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/215683
Research Article

Health Care Consumption during Pregnancy in relation to Maternal Body Mass Index: A Swedish Population Based Observational Study

1Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Clinical Science, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden

Received 16 December 2014; Revised 14 May 2015; Accepted 18 May 2015

Academic Editor: Bernhard H. Breier

Copyright © 2015 Elisabeth S. Lindholm et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Objective. To assess whether antenatal health care consumption is associated with maternal body mass index (BMI). Design. A register based observational study. Methods. The Swedish Medical Birth Register, the Maternal Health Care Register, and the Inpatient Register were used to determine antenatal health care consumption according to BMI categories for primiparous women with singleton pregnancies, from 2006 to 2008, . Pairwise comparisons among BMI groups are obtained post hoc by Tukey HSD test. Result. Obese women were more often admitted for in-patient care (), had longer antenatal hospital stays (), and were more often sick-listed by an obstetrician () during their pregnancy, compared to women with normal weight women. Preeclampsia was more than four times as common, hypertension five times as common, and gestational diabetes 11 times as common when comparing in-patient care, obese to normal weight women ( for all comparisons). Underweight mothers had longer stay in hospitals () and hydronephrosis and hyperemesis gravidarum were more than twice as common (both ). Conclusion. Obese and underweight mothers consumed significantly more health care resources and obese women were significantly more often sick-listed during their pregnancy when compared to pregnant women of normal weight.