Table 4: Summary of hierarchical linear regression analyses for central adiposity (SS : TR). Significant effects are indicated in bold.

Predictor variablesValues at entry into modelFinal model
Sig. Unstand. coeff. ()Stand. coeff. ()Sig.

Age 2
 (Constant)0.76<0.01
 Sex0.000.000.420.410.520.030.090.42
 Birth weight0.000.000.210.000.960.000.020.83
 Fetal risk factors 0.040.041.223.240.08−0.06−0.300.04
 Maternal BMI0.050.011.030.470.500.000.150.34
 Smoking 0.060.011.020.980.320.010.120.34
 Breastfeeding dur.0.090.031.282.500.120.000.200.14
 Household SES0.110.021.341.660.200.00−0.170.17
 Mat. gen. depr.0.130.031.502.390.130.00−0.200.10
 Mat. life events0.140.011.380.500.480.010.100.46
 Exposure timing0.140.001.250.230.630.00−0.050.65
 Objective hardship0.140.001.120.000.990.000.000.97
 Subjective distress0.140.001.020.010.910.00−0.010.91
Age 4
 (Constant)0.001.00
 Sex0.010.010.720.720.400.040.080.60
 Birth weight0.080.072.313.850.060.000.210.17
 Fetal risk factors 0.080.001.520.020.89−0.02−0.080.69
 Maternal BMI0.090.011.210.360.550.00−0.010.96
 Smoking0.110.021.201.140.290.080.110.50
 Breastfeeding dur.0.120.011.080.550.460.000.140.46
 Household SES0.130.000.930.140.710.000.010.95
 Mat. gen. depr.0.200.071.363.930.050.010.330.04
 Mat. life events0.200.001.200.130.72−0.01−0.060.71
 Exposure timing0.230.031.291.850.180.00−0.190.22
 Objective hardship0.240.001.170.230.63−0.02−0.060.72
 Subjective distress0.240.001.060.130.72−0.01−0.060.72
Difference
 (Constant)−0.600.19
 Sex0.000.000.080.080.780.020.030.81
 Birth weight0.070.071.983.890.050.000.200.16
 Fetal risk factors 0.080.001.360.180.670.100.290.19
 Maternal BMI0.110.031.481.790.19−0.01−0.240.26
 Smoking0.110.001.160.001.00−0.12−0.160.35
 Breastfeeding dur.0.120.000.980.150.700.010.150.36
 Household SES0.120.000.820.010.940.000.050.73
 Mat. gen. depr.0.240.121.686.940.010.010.370.02
 Mat. life events0.250.011.540.530.47−0.02−0.120.45
 Exposure timing0.300.061.803.360.070.00−0.270.07
 Objective hardship0.310.001.610.160.690.010.030.82
 Subjective distress0.330.031.641.610.210.050.200.21

Abbreviations: BMI: body mass index; Breastfeeding dur.: breastfeeding duration (months); SES: socioeconomic status; Mat.: maternal; Gen. depr.: general depression.