Journal of Obesity / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Evaluating the Cause of Death in Obese Individuals: A Ten-Year Medical Autopsy Study

Table 1

Characteristics of the obese and nonobese patient populations.

849 adult autopsies
ObeseNonobese

(%)274 (32.3)575 (67.7)
M : F154 : 120 (1.28)310 : 265 (1.17)
Age range-years (mean)18–93 (64)18–98 (66)
BMI kg/m2 range30–80.511.3–29.9
Obesity class I (BMI 30–34.9)140 (51%)
Class II (BMI 35–39.9)66 (24%)
Class III (BMI ≥40)68 (25%)
Hypertension167 (60.9%)256 (44.5%)
Diabetes97 (35.4%)98 (17%)
Elevated triglyceride50 (18.2%)73 (12.7%)
Metabolic syndrome*80 (29%)19 (3.3%)

American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute criteria (any 3 of 5 constitute diagnosis of metabolic syndrome): (1) elevated BP: ≥130 mm Hg systolic or ≥85 mm Hg diastolic or on antihypertensive drug treatment in a patient with a history of HTN, (2) elevated TG ≥150 mg/dL or on drug treatment for elevated TG, (3) fasting glucose ≥100 mg/dL or on drug treatment for elevated glucose, (4) elevated waist circumference: men ≥102 cm, women ≥88 cm, and (5) reduced HDL-C <40 mg/dL in men or <50 mg/dL in women or on drug treatment for reduced HDL-C [11].