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Journal of Obesity
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1420673, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/1420673
Research Article

Disparities in Risk Factors Associated with Obesity between Zanzibar and Tanzania Mainland among Women of Reproductive Age Based on the 2010 TDHS

1Department of Statistics, The University of Dodoma, P.O. Box 338, Dodoma, Tanzania
2Department of Public Health, The University of Dodoma, P.O. Box 395, Dodoma, Tanzania
3Department of Chemistry, University of Dodoma, P.O. Box 338, Dodoma, Tanzania

Received 29 March 2016; Revised 9 August 2016; Accepted 17 August 2016

Academic Editor: Chris I. Ardern

Copyright © 2016 Edwin Paul et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The occurrence of overweight and obesity has serious health implications. The 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey data set was reanalysed to compare the prevalences of overweight and obesity between Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar and to determine how demographic factors can predict overweight and obesity across the United Republic of Tanzania. About 7.92% of the Tanzanian women of reproductive age were obese, 15% were overweight, and 11.5% were underweight. Women from Mainland Tanzania (6.56%) were significantly less likely (AOR = 0.66, 95% CI: 0.53–0.82) to be affected by obesity as compared to women from Zanzibar (12.19%). The common predictors of obesity in Mainland Tanzania and Zanzibar were wealth index, marital status, and age. Whereas the place of residence and education level emerged as predictors of obesity in the Mainland Tanzania alone, the number of meals per day did so in Zanzibar. Most importantly, Zanzibar had a greater prevalence of obesity compared to Mainland Tanzania.