Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Obesity
Volume 2016, Article ID 4287976, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/4287976
Research Article

Obesity Severity, Dietary Behaviors, and Lifestyle Risks Vary by Race/Ethnicity and Age in a Northern California Cohort of Children with Obesity

1Department of Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Oakland Medical Center, Oakland, CA 94611, USA
2Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente Northern California, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
3Regional Health Education, The Permanente Medical Group, Oakland, CA 94612, USA
4Department of Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Santa Rosa Medical Center, Santa Rosa, CA 95403, USA
5Department of Pediatrics, Kaiser Permanente San Francisco Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94115, USA
6Department of Pediatrics, Kaiser Permanente Stockton Medical Center, Stockton, CA 95210, USA

Received 9 September 2015; Revised 10 December 2015; Accepted 14 December 2015

Academic Editor: Aron Weller

Copyright © 2016 Margaret C. Ford et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. S. Alberga, R. J. Sigal, G. Goldfield, D. Prud' homme, and G. P. Kenny, “Overweight and obese teenagers: why is adolescence a critical period?” Pediatric Obesity, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 261–273, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. S. S. Guo, W. Wu, W. C. Chumlea, and A. F. Roche, “Predicting overweight and obesity in adulthood from body mass index values in childhood and adolescence,” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 76, no. 3, pp. 653–658, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. K. Serdula, D. Ivery, R. J. Coates, D. S. Freedman, D. F. Williamson, and T. Byers, “Do obese children become obese adults? A review of the literature,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 167–177, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Simmonds, J. Burch, A. Llewellyn et al., “The use of measures of obesity in childhood for predicting obesity and the development of obesity-related diseases in adulthood: a systematic review and meta-analysis,” Health Technology Assessment, vol. 19, no. 43, pp. 1–336, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. S. R. Daniels, “Complications of obesity in children and adolescents,” International Journal of Obesity, vol. 33, supplement 1, pp. S60–S65, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. S. Cook, P. Auinger, C. Li, and E. S. Ford, “Metabolic syndrome rates in united states adolescents, from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999–2002,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 152, no. 2, pp. 165.e2–170.e2, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. K. Nadeau, R. L. Kolotkin, R. Boex et al., “Health-related quality of life in adolescents with comorbidities related to obesity,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 90–92, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, 2011-2012,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 311, no. 8, pp. 806–814, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. C. Skinner and J. A. Skelton, “Prevalence and trends in obesity and severe obesity among children in the united states, 1999–2012,” JAMA Pediatrics, vol. 168, no. 6, pp. 561–566, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of obesity in the United States, 2009-2010,” NCHS Data Brief, no. 82, pp. 1–8, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, C. D. Fryar, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2011–2014,” NCHS Data Brief, no. 219, pp. 1–8, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  12. C. L. Ogden, M. D. Carroll, B. K. Kit, and K. M. Flegal, “Prevalence of obesity and trends in body mass index among US children and adolescents, 1999–2010,” The Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 307, no. 5, pp. 483–490, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. Gee, D. Chin, L. Ackerson, D. Woo, and A. Howell, “Prevalence of childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity from 2003 to 2010 in an integrated health care delivery system,” Journal of Obesity, vol. 2013, Article ID 417907, 8 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Koebnick, N. Smith, K. J. Coleman et al., “Prevalence of extreme obesity in a multiethnic cohort of children and adolescents,” Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 157, no. 1, pp. 26–31.e2, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J. C. Lo, B. Maring, M. Chandra et al., “Prevalence of obesity and extreme obesity in children aged 3–5 years,” Pediatric Obesity, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 167–175, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. A. Skelton, S. R. Cook, P. Auinger, J. D. Klein, and S. E. Barlow, “Prevalence and trends of severe obesity among US children and adolescents,” Academic Pediatrics, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 322–329, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. C. Wang, S. L. Gortmaker, and E. M. Taveras, “Trends and racial/ethnic disparities in severe obesity among US children and adolescents, 1976–2006,” International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 12–20, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. S. E. Day, K. J. Konty, M. Leventer-Roberts, C. Nonas, and T. G. Harris, “Severe obesity among children in New York City public elementary and middle schools, school years 2006-07 through 2010-11,” Preventing Chronic Disease, vol. 11, Article ID 130439, p. E118, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. A. S. Kelly, S. E. Barlow, G. Rao et al., “Severe obesity in children and adolescents: identification, associated health risks, and treatment approaches: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association,” Circulation, vol. 128, no. 15, pp. 1689–1712, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. K. Gulati, D. W. Kaplan, and S. R. Daniels, “Clinical tracking of severely obese children: a new growth chart,” Pediatrics, vol. 130, no. 6, pp. 1136–1140, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Barton, “Screening for obesity in children and adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement,” Pediatrics, vol. 125, no. 2, pp. 361–367, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  22. N. F. Krebs, J. H. Himes, D. Jacobson, T. A. Nicklas, P. Guilday, and D. Styne, “Assessment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity,” Pediatrics, vol. 120, supplement 4, pp. S193–S228, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. E. Barlow, “Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment, and treatment of child and adolescent overweight and obesity: summary report,” Pediatrics, vol. 120, supplement 4, pp. S164–S192, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA), Weight Assessment and Counseling for Nutrition and Physical Activity for Children/Adolescents (WCC), 2010, http://www.ncqa.org/portals/0/Weight%20Assessment%20and%20Counseling.pdf.
  25. K. M. Flegal, R. Wei, C. L. Ogden, D. S. Freedman, C. L. Johnson, and L. R. Curtin, “Characterizing extreme values of body mass index-for-age by using the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts,” The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 90, no. 5, pp. 1314–1320, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. V. R. Henderson, “Longitudinal associations between television viewing and body mass index among white and black girls,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 544–550, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. S. Y. S. Kimm, N. W. Glynn, E. Obarzanek et al., “Relation between the changes in physical activity and body-mass index during adolescence: a multicentre longitudinal study,” The Lancet, vol. 366, no. 9482, pp. 301–307, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. M. Fahlman, N. McCaughtry, J. Martin, and B. Shen, “Racial and socioeconomic disparities in nutrition behaviors: targeted interventions needed,” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 10–16, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. H. Dodd, R. Briefel, C. Cabili, A. Wilson, and M. K. Crepinsek, “Disparities in consumption of sugar-sweetened and other beverages by race/ethnicity and obesity status among united states schoolchildren,” Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 240–249, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Delva, P. M. O'Malley, and L. D. Johnston, “Racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status differences in overweight and health-related behaviors among American students: national trends 1986–2003,” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 536–545, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. N. Larson, R. MacLehose, J. A. Fulkerson, J. M. Berge, M. Story, and D. Neumark-Sztainer, “Eating breakfast and dinner together as a family: associations with sociodemographic characteristics and implications for diet quality and weight status,” Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 113, no. 12, pp. 1601–1609, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. E. O'Neil, T. A. Nicklas, and R. Kleinman, “Relationship between 100% juice consumption and nutrient intake and weight of adolescents,” American Journal of Health Promotion, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 231–237, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. S. G. Affenito, D. R. Thompson, B. A. Barton et al., “Breakfast consumption by African-American and white adolescent girls correlates positively with calcium and fiber intake and negatively with body mass index,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 105, no. 6, pp. 938–945, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. CDC, A SAS Program for the 2000 CDC Growth Charts (ages 0 to <20 y), 2015, http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpao/growthcharts/resources/sas.htm.
  35. R. J. Kuczmarski, C. L. Ogden, S. S. Guo et al., “2000 CDC Growth Charts for the United States: methods and development,” Vital and Health Statistics. Series 11, Data from the National Health Survey, no. 246, pp. 1–190, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. Hirshkowitz, K. Whiton, S. M. Albert et al., “National Sleep Foundation's sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary,” Sleep Health, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 40–43, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  37. SAS Institute Inc, SAS/STAT 9.3 User's Guide, SAS Institute Inc, Cary, NC, USA, 2011.
  38. J. Nickelson, J. C. Lawrence, J. M. Parton, A. P. Knowlden, and R. J. Mcdermott, “What proportion of preschool-aged children consume sweetened beverages?” Journal of School Health, vol. 84, no. 3, pp. 185–194, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. L. Dubois, A. Farmer, M. Girard, and K. Peterson, “Regular sugar-sweetened beverage consumption between meals increases risk of overweight among preschool-aged children,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 107, no. 6, pp. 924–935, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. D. DeBoer, R. J. Scharf, and R. T. Demmer, “Sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain in 2-to 5-year-old children,” Pediatrics, vol. 132, no. 3, pp. 413–420, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. T. K. Richmond, J. L. Spadano-Gasbarro, C. E. Walls et al., “Middle school food environments and racial/ethnic differences in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption: findings from the Healthy Choices study,” Preventive Medicine, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 735–738, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. J. C. Lo, M. Chandra, A. Sinaiko et al., “Severe obesity in children: prevalence, persistence and relation to hypertension,” International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology, vol. 2014, no. 1, article 3, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar