Figure 2: Comparison of cognition z-scores assessed across five domains between young women categorized into NW and OB groups. Domain scores adjusted for age and education, with data presented as mean ± standard error. Normal range is between ±1. between NW and OB in post hoc analyses; # between NW and OB in univariate analysis. Lower scores on the impulsivity domain indicate increased impulsive responses. BMI, body mass index; NW, normal weight (BMI = 18.5–24.9 kg/m2); OB, obese weight (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2).