Journal of Obesity / 2020 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Metabolomic Links between Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake and Obesity

Table 2

Twenty-eight metabolites associated with both SSB intake and BMI.

Metaboliteslog (met)# and SSB intakeBMI and SSB intake
BetaSE valueBetaSE value

1-Oleoyl-GPC (18 : 1)−4.9170.7928.80E − 100.0280.0130.030
5-Hydroxylysine2.0010.3687.01E − 080.0470.0230.041
1-Palmitoyl-GPC (16 : 0)−7.3371.4737.84E − 070.0200.0090.030
Glycine−4.0620.8251.04E − 060.0250.0130.047
1,2-Dilinoleoyl-GPC (18 : 2/18 : 2)−2.9760.6669.14E − 060.0390.0160.014
3-Phenylpropionate (hydrocinnamate)−0.6990.1579.97E − 06−0.1430.0610.018
1-Linoleoyl-2-linolenoyl-GPC (18 : 2/18 : 3)−0.9100.2401.57E − 040.0760.0300.011
9-Hydroxystearate1.3320.3541.84E − 040.0770.0275.15E − 03
Gamma-tocopherol/beta-tocopherol1.5660.4181.95E − 040.0440.0220.044
1-Linoleoyl-GPE (18 : 2)−1.3560.3682.44E − 040.0610.0190.001
1-Oleoyl-GPI (18 : 1)−1.2050.3393.93E − 040.0530.0250.033
1-Oleoyl-GPE (18 : 1)−1.2160.3669.42E − 040.0490.0210.020
1-Palmitoyl-2-stearoyl-GPC (16 : 0/18 : 0)−2.5710.7831.08E − 030.0360.0122.28E − 03
2-Hydroxybutyrate/2-hydroxyisobutyrate1.2220.3761.21E − 03−0.0680.0244.43E − 03
Alpha-ketoglutarate6.2311.9221.24E − 030.0660.0290.021
N-Acetylhistidine−1.1760.3852.32E − 030.0840.0271.93E − 03
Butyrylcarnitine (C4)0.3690.1345.83E − 030.0510.0230.025
Cholesterol−1.1030.4005.97E − 030.0300.0140.039
3-Hydroxybutyrylcarnitine (1)0.6290.2347.27E − 03−0.1380.0494.92E − 03
Methyl-4-hydroxybenzoate sulfate−0.1890.0717.84E − 030.1740.0800.030
1-Stearoyl-2-linoleoyl-GPC (18 : 0/18 : 2)−2.9751.2180.0150.0160.0080.033
1-Palmitoyl-GPC (16 : 1)−0.8930.3670.0150.0710.0174.27E − 05
Sphingomyelin (d18 : 2/14 : 0, d18 : 1/14 : 1)0.7060.2990.0180.0480.0180.009
3-Hydroxyisobutyrate0.8820.3890.024−0.0440.0210.036
3-Hydroxybutyrylcarnitine (2)0.7830.3480.025−0.0630.0260.014
Sphingomyelin (d18 : 1/20 : 0, d16 : 1/22 : 0)−1.6200.7720.036−0.0280.0110.011
1,5-Anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG)−1.0860.5210.0370.0900.0400.024
Erythronate1.6840.8380.0450.0260.0120.033

All beta and values were adjusted for age, sex, alcohol use, smoking, education, physical activity, and total energy intake. #Metabolite concentrations were natural log-transformed.

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