Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 412397, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/412397
Research Article

Factors Associated with Significant Ocular Injury in Conservatively Treated Orbital Fractures

Gallipoli Medical Research Institute, University of Queensland, Greenslopes Private Hospital, Greenslopes, QLD 4120, Australia

Received 25 September 2014; Accepted 24 November 2014; Published 16 December 2014

Academic Editor: Neville Osborne

Copyright © 2014 Christopher J. Layton. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. Banta, Ocular Trauma, Saunders, Philadelphia, Pa, USA, 1st edition, 2007.
  2. J. M. W. Chadwick, Medical Works of Hippocrates: A New Translation for the Origical Greek Made Especially for English Readers, Blackwell Scientific, London, UK, 1950.
  3. A. J. Bron, R. C. Tripathi, and B. J. Tripathi, “The bony orbit and paranasal sinuses,” in Woolfs Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit, pp. 1–30, Chapman & Hall, London, UK, 1997. View at Google Scholar
  4. M. E. Jabaley, M. Lerman, and H. J. Sanders, “Ocular injuries in orbital fractures. A review of 119 cases,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 410–418, 1975. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. S. Binder, “Evaluation of the eye following periorbital trauma,” Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 139–147, 1978. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Magarakis, G. S. Mundinger, J. A. Kelamis, A. H. Dorafshar, B. Bojovic, and E. D. Rodriguez, “Ocular injury, visual impairment, and blindness associated with facial fractures: a systematic literature review,” Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 129, no. 1, pp. 227–233, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. E. A. Luce, T. D. Tubb, and A. M. Moore, “Review of 1,000 major facial fractures and associated injuries,” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 26–30, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. I. A. Al-Qurainy, L. F. A. Stassen, G. N. Dutton, K. F. Moos, and A. El-Attar, “The characteristics of midfacial fractures and the association with ocular injury: a prospective study,” British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 291–301, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. R. M. Cobb, “Orbital fractures,” in Best Practice, BMJ, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  10. I. A. Al-Qurainy, D. M. Titterington, G. N. Dutton, L. F. A. Stassen, and K. F. A. Moos El-Attar, “Midfacial fractures and the eye: the development of a system for detecting patients at risk of eye injury,” British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 29, no. 6, pp. 363–367, 1991. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. H. A. Arts, D. W. Eisele, and L. G. Duckert, “Intraocular pressure as an index of ocular injury in orbital fractures,” Archives of Otolaryngology: Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 115, no. 2, pp. 213–216, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. B. T. Jamal, S. M. Pfahler, K. A. Lane et al., “Ophthalmic injuries in patients with zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures requiring surgical repair,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 986–989, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. C. Barry, M. Coyle, Z. Idrees, M. H. Dwyer, and G. Kearns, “Ocular findings in patients with orbitozygomatic complex fractures: a retrospective study,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 66, no. 5, pp. 888–892, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. L. Shere, J. R. Boole, M. R. Holtel, and P. J. Amoroso, “An analysis of 3599 midfacial and 1141 orbital blowout fractures among 4426 United States Army Soldiers, 1980–2000,” Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 130, no. 2, pp. 164–170, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. P. Gacto and I. M. de Espinosa, “Retrospective survey of 150 surgically treated orbital floor fractures in a trauma referral centre,” European Journal of Plastic Surgery, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 23–28, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. M. Guly, H. R. Guly, O. Bouamra, R. H. Gray, and F. E. Lecky, “Ocular injuries in patients with major trauma,” Emergency Medicine Journal, vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 915–917, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. D. He, P. H. Blomquist, and E. Ellis III, “Association between ocular injuries and internal orbital fractures,” Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 713–720, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. A. Mellema, M. A. Dewan, M. S. Lee, S. D. Smith, and A. R. Harrison, “Incidence of ocular injury in visually asymptomatic orbital fractures,” Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 306–308, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. R. P. Green Jr., D. R. Peters, J. W. Shore, J. W. Fanton, and H. Davis, “Force necessary to fracture the orbital floor,” Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 211–217, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus