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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 704823, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/704823
Research Article

Retinal-Image Quality and Night-Vision Performance after Alcohol Consumption

Laboratory of Vision Sciences and Applications, Department of Optics, University of Granada, Mecenas Building (Sciences Faculty), Avenida de Fuentenueva, s/n. 18071 Granada, Spain

Received 23 January 2014; Revised 15 March 2014; Accepted 19 March 2014; Published 7 April 2014

Academic Editor: Vasilios F. Diakonis

Copyright © 2014 José J. Castro et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate the influence of alcohol consumption on the retinal-image quality and visual performance under surrounding low-illumination conditions. Methods. A volunteer sample of 67 subjects was analyzed. Optical quality of the eye was evaluated by means of the Strehl ratio, the Objective Scattering Index (OSI), and the tear-film quality. We used the visual disturbance index (VDI) to evaluate visual performance under low-illumination conditions and we measured the pupil size under these conditions. The tear-film volume was also measured. All measurements were made before and after alcohol consumption and patients were classified into two groups depending on their breath alcohol content (BrAC): low-alcohol (BrAC < 0.25 mg/L) and high-alcohol content (BrAC ≥ 0.25 mg/L). Results. The VDI was significantly higher after alcohol consumption: the higher the BrAC, the higher the deterioration of the visual discrimination capacity. The pupil size increased significantly for the high-BrAC group. Parameters evaluating optical quality deteriorated after alcohol consumption. Conclusion. The visual performance under low-illumination conditions and the retinal-image quality were deteriorated after alcohol consumption, especially for the high-alcohol group. Furthermore, some physiological changes were observed under effects for high-alcohol contents, such as an increase in the pupil size and disturbances in the tear film, which deteriorated optical quality.