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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2015, Article ID 542127, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/542127
Research Article

Incidence and Outcomes of Anterior Chamber Gas Bubble during Femtosecond Flap Creation for Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis

1Panhandle Eye Group, 7400 Fleming Avenue, Amarillo, TX 79106, USA
2Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, 1400 S. Coulter, Amarillo, TX 79106, USA
3Southwest Retina Specialists, 7411 Wallace Boulevard, Amarillo, TX 79106, USA

Received 22 February 2015; Revised 31 March 2015; Accepted 4 April 2015

Academic Editor: Marco Lombardo

Copyright © 2015 Sloan W. Rush et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To report the incidence and outcomes of anterior chamber gas bubble formation during femtosecond laser flap creation for laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Methods. The charts of 2,886 consecutive eyes that underwent femtosecond LASIK from May 2011 through August 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. The incidence, preoperative characteristics, intraoperative details, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed in subjects developing anterior chamber gas bubble formation during the procedure. Results. A total of 4 cases (0.14%) developed anterior chamber gas bubble formation during femtosecond laser flap creation. In all four cases, the excimer laser was unable to successfully track the pupil immediately following the anterior chamber bubble formation, temporarily postponing the completion of the procedure. There was an ethnicity predilection of anterior chamber gas formation toward Asians (). An uncorrected visual acuity of 20/20 was ultimately achieved in all four cases without further complications. Conclusions. Anterior chamber gas bubble formation during femtosecond laser flap creation for LASIK is an uncommon event that typically results in a delay in treatment completion; nevertheless, it does influence final positive visual outcome.