Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 731461, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/731461
Clinical Study

Aqueous Levels of Pigment Epithelium-Derived Factor and Macular Choroidal Thickness in High Myopia

1Clinical College of Ophthalmology, Tianjin Medical University, No. 4, Gansu Road, Tianjin 300020, China
2Department of Ophthalmology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan 250000, China

Received 14 July 2014; Revised 1 October 2014; Accepted 21 October 2014

Academic Editor: Ricardo Giordano

Copyright © 2015 Wei Chen et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. J. H. Kempen, “The prevalence of refractive errors among adults in the United States,Western Europe, and Australia,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 122, no. 4, pp. 495–505, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Verteporfin in Photodynamic Therapy (VIP) Study Group, “Photodynamic therapy of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization in pathologic myopia with verteporfin: 1-year results of a randomized clinical trial VIP report no. 1,” Ophthalmology, vol. 108, no. 5, pp. 841–852, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. M. Ruiz-Moreno, L. Arias, J. Montero, A. Carneiro, and R. Silva, “Intravitreal anti-VEGF therapy for choroidal neovascularisation secondary to pathological myopia: 4-year outcome,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 97, no. 11, pp. 1447–1450, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. J. Tombran-Tink and L. V. Johnson, “Neuronal differentiation of retinoblastoma cells induced by medium conditioned by human RPE cells,” Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 1700–1707, 1989. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. D. W. Dawson, O. V. Volpert, P. Gillis et al., “Pigment epithelium-derived factor: a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis,” Science, vol. 285, no. 5425, pp. 245–248, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. D. S. Dhoot, S. Huo, A. Yuan et al., “Evaluation of choroidal thickness in retinitis pigmentosa using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 66–69, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. N.-K. Wang, C.-C. Lai, H.-Y. Chu et al., “Classification of early dry-type myopic maculopathy with macular choroidal thickness,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 153, no. 4, pp. 669.e2–677.e2, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Ohsugi, Y. Ikuno, K. Oshima, and H. Tabuchi, “3-D choroidal thickness maps from EDI-OCT in highly myopic eyes,” Optometry and Vision Science, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 599–606, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. G. Miller and L. J. Singerman, “Natural history of choroidal neovascularization in high myopia,” Current Opinion in Ophthalmology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 222–224, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. N. Kara, N. Sayin, D. Pirhan et al., “Evaluation of subfoveal choroidal thickness in pregnant women using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography,” Current Eye Research, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 642–647, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Kitaya, S. Ishiko, T. Abiko et al., “Changes in blood-retinal barrier permeability in form deprivation myopia in tree shrews,” Vision Research, vol. 40, no. 17, pp. 2369–2377, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. P. Becerra, R. N. Fariss, Y. Q. Wu, L. M. Montuenga, P. Wong, and B. A. Pfeffer, “Pigment epithelium-derived factor in the monkey retinal pigment epithelium and interphotoreceptor matrix: apical secretion and distribution,” Experimental Eye Research, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 223–234, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. E. Grossniklaus and W. R. Green, “Pathologic findings in pathologic myopia,” Retina, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 127–133, 1992. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. C. Delori, D. G. Goger, and C. K. Dorey, “Age-related accumulation and spatial distribution of lipofuscin in RPE of normal subjects,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 1855–1866, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Ogata, M. Imaizumi, M. Miyashiro et al., “Low levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor in highly myopic eyes with chorioretinal atrophy,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 140, no. 5, pp. 937–939, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. Y. J. Shin, W. H. Nam, S. E. Park, J. H. Kim, and H. K. Kim, “Aqueous humor concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor and pigment epithelium-derived factor in high myopic patients,” Molecular Vision, vol. 18, no. 8, pp. 2265–2270, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. W. Chen, H. Song, S. Xie, Q. Han, X. Tang, and Y. Chu, “Correlation of macular choroidal thickness with concentrations of aqueous vascular endothelial frowth factor in high myopia,” Current Eye Research. In press.
  18. N. Ogata, M. Wada, T. Otsuji, N. Jo, J. Tombran-Tink, and M. Matsumura, “Expression of pigment epithelium-derived factor in normal adult rat eye and experimental choroidal neovascularization,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 1168–1175, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. N. M. Holekamp, N. Bouck, and O. Volpert, “Pigment epithelium-derived factor is deficient in the vitreous of patients with choroidal neovascularization due to age-related macular degeneration,” The American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 134, no. 2, pp. 220–227, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Y. Ikuno, Y. Jo, T. Hamasaki, and Y. Tano, “Ocular risk factors for choroidal neovascularization in pathologic myopia,” Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, vol. 51, no. 7, pp. 3721–3725, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. E. Chung, S. W. Kang, J. H. Lee, and Y. T. Kim, “Choroidal thickness in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and exudative age-related macular degeneration,” Ophthalmology, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 840–845, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. Ogata, M. Nishikawa, T. Nishimura, Y. Mitsuma, and M. Matsumura, “Unbalanced vitreous levels of pigment epithelium-derived factor and vascular endothelial growth factor in diabetic retinopathy,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 134, no. 3, pp. 348–353, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. G. I. Papastergiou, G. F. Schmid, C. E. Riva, M. J. Mendel, R. A. Stone, and A. M. Laties, “Ocular axial length and choroidal thickness in newly hatched chicks and one-year-old chickens fluctuate in a diurnal pattern that is influenced by visual experience and intraocular pressure changes,” Experimental Eye Research, vol. 66, no. 2, pp. 195–205, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. R. Margolis and R. F. Spaide, “A pilot study of enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography of the choroid in normal eyes,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 147, no. 5, pp. 811–815, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus