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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2015, Article ID 794854, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/794854
Research Article

Effect of Flat Cornea on Visual Outcome after LASIK

Ophthalmology Department, Sohag University, Naser City, Sohag 82524, Egypt

Received 16 August 2015; Revised 8 November 2015; Accepted 10 November 2015

Academic Editor: Edward Manche

Copyright © 2015 Engy Mohamed Mostafa. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate the effect of preoperative and postoperative keratometry on the refractive outcome after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for moderate and high myopia. Methods. Records of 812 eyes (420 patients) with myopia ≥−6 D who had LASIK at Sohag Laser Center, Egypt, from January 2010 to November 2013, were retrospectively analyzed. Main outcome measures were postoperative corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), postoperative spherical equivalence, and postoperative factor. Results. LASIK was performed in 812 eyes (mean age years). Patients were grouped according to the degree of preoperative myopia into three groups: Group 1, −6 D to −7.9 D; Group 2, −8 to −9.9 D; and Group 3, −10 to −12 D. The refractive outcome among the different myopia groups was stratified by pre- and postoperative keratometry. A trend toward greater undercorrection was noted in eyes with preoperative keratometry <43.5 D compared with those with steeper keratometry >46 D in all myopia groups. The undercorrection was also noted in postoperative keratometry groups <35 D. Conclusions. Preoperative and postoperative keratometry appeared to influence the refractive outcome especially in high myopic eyes.