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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 1549318, 10 pages
Research Article

National Eye Institute Visual Function Scale in Type 2 Diabetes Patients

1Fatih Sultan Mehmet Education and Training Hospital, Üst Bostancı, 34752 Istanbul, Turkey
2Türkan Saylan Hospital, Ataşehir, 34455 Istanbul, Turkey
3Marmara Üniversity, Pendik, 34978 Istanbul, Turkey
4Dünya Göz Hospital, Altunizade, 34662 Istanbul, Turkey

Received 9 October 2015; Revised 19 November 2015; Accepted 6 December 2015

Academic Editor: Lawrence S. Morse

Copyright © 2016 Sezen Akkaya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Aim. To examine subscale and total scores of NEI-VFQ questionnaire of type 2 diabetes patients at different diabetic retinopathy (DRP) stages. Methods. A total number of 201 patients have been included. Prior to ophthalmological examination all patients participated in the NEI-VFQ questionnaire. The patients were divided into 5 groups according to the International Clinical Diabetic Retinopathy Disease Severity Scale (ICDRS). Results. The diabetes duration in general health scores (); the stage (); and clinically significant macular edema (CSME) () in general vision were found to be the most efficient factors. In near vision activities the most efficient factors were near vision acuity (NVA) () and DRP stage (). EDTRS visual acuity was found to be the most efficient factor in vision specific role difficulties () and dependency () whereas Snellen visual acuity was found to be among the most effective factors in distance activities (DA) () and total scores (). Discussion. Difference was based not on the diabetes duration, clinically significant cataract (CSCat), CSME presence, and DRP stage but on the visual acuity levels of the better seeing eye of the patients.