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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2016, Article ID 2837562, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/2837562
Clinical Study

Stab Incision Glaucoma Surgery: A Modified Guarded Filtration Procedure for Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

1Dr. Agarwal’s Eye Hospital and Eye Research Centre, 19 Cathedral Road, Chennai 600 086, India
2University of Pisa, 56126 Pisa, Italy

Received 18 December 2015; Revised 14 March 2016; Accepted 20 March 2016

Academic Editor: Ozlem G. Koz

Copyright © 2016 Soosan Jacob et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To describe a modified guarded filtration surgery, stab incision glaucoma surgery (SIGS), for primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). Methods. This prospective, interventional case series included patients with POAG (IOP ≥21 mmHg with glaucomatous visual field defects). After sliding superior conjunctiva down over limbus, 2.8 mm bevel-up keratome was used to create conjunctival entry and superficial corneoscleral tunnel in a single step starting 1.5 mm behind limbus. Lamellar corneoscleral tunnel was carefully dissected 0.5–1 mm into cornea and anterior chamber (AC) was entered. Kelly Descemet’s punch (1 mm) was slid along the tunnel into AC to punch internal lip of the tunnel, thereby compromising it. Patency of ostium was assessed by injecting fluid in AC and visualizing leakage from tunnel. Conjunctival incision alone was sutured. Results. Mean preoperative IOP was  mmHg and mean postoperative IOP was  mmHg (). Mean reduction in IOP was %. There was significant reduction of IOP (). 64.7% had IOP at final follow-up of <18 mmHg without medication and 82.35% had IOP <18 mmHg with ≤2 medications. No sight threatening complications were encountered. Conclusion. Satisfactory IOP control was noted after SIGS in interim follow-up ( months).