Table 2: Acute acquired comitant esotropia associated with neurological pathologies.

AuthorNumber of patientsAge (years)DiagnosisTreatmentOutcome/comment

Anderson and Lubow
[6] (1970)
16Astrocytoma of corpus callosumSpontaneously resolved (i) Papilledema
(ii) Hemiplegia

Zweifach
[7] (1981)
110MedulloblastomaStrabismus surgery(i) Failure of reestablishing binocularity

Williams and Hoyt
[8] (1989)
6Tumors of brain stem or cerebellumStrabismus surgery
Neurosurgical treatment
(i) Nystagmus
(ii) Failure of reestablishing binocularity

Akman et al.
[9] (1995)
213–35Arnold-Chiari malformation
Basilar impression
Posterior fossa decompression
(1 patient)
(i) No difference

Simon et al.
[10] (1996)
15Cerebellar astrocytomaStrabismus surgery(i) Restored BSV

Lewis et al.
[11] (1996)
517–36Chiari 1 malformationPosterior fossa decompression
(4 patients)
(i) Gaze-evoked nystagmus
(ii) Restored BSV (4 patients)

Dikici et al.
[12] (1999)
15Cerebellar astrocytomaNeurosurgical treatment(i) Without diplopia
(ii) Papilledema

Biousse et al.
[13] (2000)
45–37Chiari 1 malformationSuboccipital decompression
Strabismus surgery
(i) Restored BSV

Defoort-Dhellemmes et al. [14] (2002)19Chiari 1 malformationSuboccipital decompression(i) Restored BSV

Hentschel et al.
[15] (2005)
15Chiari 1 malformationPosterior fossa decompression(i) Recovery of binocular fusion

Parentin et al.
[16] (2009)
19Idiopathic intracranial hypertensionLumbar puncture
Medical therapy
(i) Orthophoria

Kemmanu et al.
[17] (2012)
25–7Pontine gliomaNeurosurgical treatment(i) Nystagmus
(ii) Papilledema

Wong et al.
[18] (2015)
731–75Cerebellar ataxiaPrism
Botulinum toxin injections
Strabismus surgery
(i) Progression over time
(ii) Restored BSV

BSV: binocular single vision; PD: prism diopters.