Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2016, Article ID 3769341, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3769341
Research Article

Spectrum and Sensitivity of Bacterial Keratitis Isolates in Auckland

1Department of Ophthalmology, New Zealand National Eye Centre, The University of Auckland, Private Bag Box 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
2Department of Molecular Medicine and Pathology, The University of Auckland, Private Bag Box 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand

Received 29 January 2016; Revised 3 April 2016; Accepted 10 April 2016

Academic Editor: Manikandan Palanisamy

Copyright © 2016 S. Marasini et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. V. Seal, C. M. Kirkness, H. G. B. Bennett et al., “Population-based cohort study of microbial keratitis in Scotland: incidence and features,” Contact Lens and Anterior Eye, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 49–57, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. C. Eric, M. P. Nevitt, D. O. Hodge, and D. J. Ballard, “Incidence of ulcerative keratitis in a defined population from 1950 through 1988,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 111, no. 12, pp. 1665–1671, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. B. H. Jeng, D. C. Gritz, A. B. Kumar et al., “Epidemiology of ulcerative keratitis in Northern California,” Archives of Ophthalmology, vol. 128, no. 8, pp. 1022–1028, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Green, A. Apel, and F. Stapleton, “Risk factors and causative organisms in microbial keratitis,” Cornea, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 22–27, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. E. Karsten, S. L. Watson, and L. J. R. Foster, “Diversity of microbial species implicated in keratitis: a review,” Open Ophthalmology Journal, vol. 6, pp. 110–124, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Daniell, R. Mills, and N. Morlet, “Microbial keratitis: what's the preferred initial therapy?” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 87, no. 9, article 1167, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. N. Morlet and M. Daniell, “Microbial keratitis: what's the preferred initial therapy? View 2: empirical fluoroquinolone therapy is sufficient initial treatment,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 87, no. 9, pp. 1169–1172, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. D. B. Jones, “Decision-making in the management of microbial keratitis,” Ophthalmology, vol. 88, no. 8, pp. 814–820, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. D. S. Allan and J. K. G. Dart, “Strategies for the management of microbial keratitis,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 79, no. 8, pp. 777–786, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. T. Wong, S. Ormonde, G. Gamble, and C. N. J. McGhee, “Severe infective keratitis leading to hospital admission in New Zealand,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 87, no. 9, pp. 1103–1108, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Daniell, “Overview: initial antimicrobial therapy for microbial keratitis,” The British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 87, no. 9, pp. 1172–1174, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. O. Orlans, S. J. Hornby, and I. C. J. W. Bowler, “In vitro antibiotic susceptibility patterns of bacterial keratitis isolates in Oxford, UK: a 10-year review,” Eye, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 489–493, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. D. Sand, R. She, I. A. Shulman, D. S. Chen, M. Schur, and H. Y. Hsu, “Microbial keratitis in Los Angeles: the doheny eye institute and the los angeles county hospital experience: the Doheny Eye Institute and the Los Angeles County Hospital Experience,” Ophthalmology, vol. 122, no. 5, pp. 918–924, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C.-F. Fong, F.-R. Hu, C.-H. Tseng, I.-J. Wang, W.-L. Chen, and Y.-C. Hou, “Antibiotic Susceptibility of bacterial isolates from bacterial keratitis cases in a University Hospital in Taiwan,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 144, no. 5, pp. 682.e1–689.e1, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. A. Pandita and C. Murphy, “Microbial keratitis in Waikato, New Zealand,” Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 393–397, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. C. Hall and M. J. McKellar, “Bacterial keratitis in Christchurch, New Zealand, 1997–2001,” Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 478–481, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Rajpal, R. Hall, H. Long, and A. Wells, “Five-year experience of corneal scrapes at Wellington Eye Department, New Zealand,” The New Zealand Medical Journal, vol. 120, no. 1260, Article ID U2682, 2007. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. L. Keay, K. Edwards, T. Naduvilath et al., “Microbial keratitis: predisposing factors and morbidity,” Ophthalmology, vol. 113, no. 1, pp. 109–116, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. J. Tuft and M. Matheson, “In vitro antibiotic resistance in bacterial keratitis in London,” British Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 84, no. 7, pp. 687–691, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. C. Zhang, Y. Liang, S. Deng, Z. Wang, R. Li, and X. Sun, “Distribution of bacterial keratitis and emerging resistance to antibiotics in China from 2001 to 2004,” Clinical Ophthalmology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 575–579, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  21. Y.-S. Lee, H.-Y. Tan, L.-K. Yeh et al., “Pediatric microbial keratitis in Taiwan: clinical and microbiological profiles, 1998–2002 Versus 2008–2012,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 157, no. 5, pp. 1090.e1–1096.e1, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. C.-F. Fong, C.-H. Tseng, F.-R. Hu, I.-J. Wang, W.-L. Chen, and Y.-C. Hou, “Clinical characteristics of microbial keratitis in a university hospital in Taiwan,” The American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 137, no. 2, pp. 329–336, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. E. D. Charlebois, D. R. Bangsberg, N. J. Moss et al., “Population-based community prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in the urban poor of San Francisco,” Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 425–433, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. A. F. Elsahn, E. H. Yildiz, D. L. Jungkind et al., “In vitro susceptibility patterns of methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococcus corneal isolates to antibiotics,” Cornea, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 1131–1135, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. S. Mullin and R. S. Rubinfeld, “The antibacterial activity of topical anesthetics,” Cornea, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 662–665, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. S. D. McLeod, A. Kolahdouz-Isfahani, K. Rostamian, C. W. Flowers, P. P. Lee, and P. J. McDonnell, “The role of smears, cultures, and antibiotic sensitivity testing in the management of suspected infectious keratitis,” Ophthalmology, vol. 103, no. 1, pp. 23–28, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H. C. Neu, “The crisis in antibiotic resistance,” Science, vol. 257, no. 5073, pp. 1064–1073, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. V. Prokosch, Z. Gatzioufas, S. Thanos, and T. Stupp, “Microbiological findings and predisposing risk factors in corneal ulcers,” Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 250, no. 3, pp. 369–374, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  29. D. L. Yeh, S. S. Stinnett, and N. A. Afshari, “Analysis of bacterial cultures in infectious keratitis, 1997 to 2004,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 142, no. 6, pp. 1066–1068, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. R. Chalita, A. L. Höfling-Lima, A. Paranhos Jr., P. Schor, and R. Belfort Jr., “Shifting trends in in vitro antibiotic susceptibilities for common ocular isolates during a period of 15 years,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 137, no. 1, pp. 43–51, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. D. Y. Kunimoto, S. Sharma, P. Garg, and G. N. Rao, “In vitro susceptibility of bacterial keratitis pathogens to ciprofloxacin: emerging resistance,” Ophthalmology, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 80–85, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. G. Alexandrakis, E. C. Alfonso, and D. Miller, “Shifting trends in bacterial keratitis in South Florida and emerging resistance to fluoroquinolones,” Ophthalmology, vol. 107, no. 8, pp. 1497–1502, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. M. H. Goldstein, R. P. Kowalski, and Y. J. Gordon, “Emerging fluoroquinolone resistance in bacterial keratitis: a 5-year review,” Ophthalmology, vol. 106, no. 7, pp. 1313–1318, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. R. P. Kowalski, D. K. Dhaliwal, L. M. Karenchak et al., “Gatifloxacin and moxifloxacin: an in vitro susceptibility comparison to levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, and ofloxacin using bacterial keratitis isolates,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 136, no. 3, pp. 500–505, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. P. J. McAllum and C. N. J. McGhee, “Prescribing trends in infectious keratitis: a survey of New Zealand ophthalmologists,” Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 496–504, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. Mather, L. M. Karenchak, E. G. Romanowski, and R. P. Kowalski, “Fourth generation fluoroquinolones: new weapons in the arsenal of ophthalmic antibiotics,” American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 133, no. 4, pp. 463–466, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus