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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2017, Article ID 1247138, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1247138
Research Article

Correlation Analysis of Ocular Symptoms and Signs in Patients with Dry Eye

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Xuemin Li; moc.anis@66mxlmxl

Received 16 August 2016; Revised 28 December 2016; Accepted 4 January 2017; Published 20 February 2017

Academic Editor: Jesús Pintor

Copyright © 2017 Hang Song et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To analyze the correlations between the ocular surface signs and symptoms in patients with dry eye. Methods. In this observational study, 176 dry eye patients, including 60 males and 116 females, were enrolled and their dry eye symptoms and ocular signs were observed. Partial correlation analysis was conducted between OSDI score and each ocular surface sign, and the correlations were further discussed in different age groups. Then multiple linear regression analysis was used to further explore the influence of these signs on OSDI score. Results. Our correlation analyses showed that rounding of lid margins, notching of lid margins, vascularity of lid margins, hyperkeratinization, plugging of orifices, main duct dropout, and conjunctival congestion all had a positive correlation with OSDI score, while main duct number (central 1 cm) and BUT had a negative one. Further analysis suggested that these correlations varied in different age groups. Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that main duct number (central 1 cm), rounding of lid margins, and hyperkeratinization significantly affected OSDI score. Conclusions. Close attention should be paid to the morphology and structure of the eyelid margin and the function of meibomian gland in the diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up of dry eye diseases.