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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 3596817, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3596817
Research Article

Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Diabetic Macular Edema in Turkey: A Real-Life Registry Study—TURK-DEM

1Department of Ophthalmology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Ophthalmology, Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
3Department of Ophthalmology, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey
4Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey
5Bayer Türk, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence should be addressed to Bora Eldem; moc.enilnorepus@medleb

Received 3 October 2016; Accepted 19 January 2017; Published 19 February 2017

Academic Editor: Lisa Toto

Copyright © 2017 Bora Eldem et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate the clinical and diagnostic characteristics of patients with newly diagnosed diabetic macular edema (DME) in Turkey in a real-life setting. Methods. A total of 945 consecutive patients (mean (SD) age: 61.3 (9.9) years, 55.2% male) with newly diagnosed DME were included. Data on patient demographics, comorbidities, ocular history, ophthalmic examination findings including type of DME, central macular thickness (CMT) via time domain (TD) and spectral domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT), and planned treatments were recorded. Results. OCT (98.8%) and fundoscopy (92.9%) were the two most common diagnostic methods. Diffuse and focal DMEs were detected in 39.2% and 36.9% of cases, respectively. Laser photocoagulation (32.1%) and antivascular endothelial growth factors (anti-VEGF; 31.8%) were the most commonly planned treatments. The median CMT in the right eye was significantly greater in untreated than in treated patients [376.5 μm (range: 160–840) versus 342 μm (range: 146–999) ()] and in the left eye [370 μm (range: 201–780) versus 329 μm (range: 148–999) ()]. Conclusions. This study is the first large-scale real-life registry of DME patients in Turkey. SD-OCT and fundoscopy were the most common diagnostic methods. Laser photocoagulation and anti-VEGF therapy were the most common treatments.