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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2017, Article ID 8320909, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8320909
Clinical Study

Influences of 27-Gauge Vitrectomy on Corneal Topographic Conditions

Department of Ophthalmology, Hyogo Prefectural Amagasaki General Medical Center, Higashinanima-cho 2-17-77, Amagasaki, Hyogo 660-8550, Japan

Correspondence should be addressed to Hideyasu Oh; pj.ca.u-otoyk.phuk@usayedih

Received 10 February 2017; Accepted 7 May 2017; Published 27 August 2017

Academic Editor: Tamer A. Macky

Copyright © 2017 Takafumi Hirashima et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To evaluate the influences of 27-gauge vitrectomy on corneal topographic conditions. Method. Fifty-six eyes of 56 patients undergoing 27-gauge vitrectomy were retrospectively studied. Twenty-three eyes with epiretinal membrane (ERM), 23 eyes with macular hole (MH), and 10 eyes with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) were included. Forty-five of the 56 eyes underwent 27-gauge phacovitrectomy (group 1), and the remaining 11 eyes underwent 27-gauge vitrectomy alone (group 2). Corneal topography was obtained with a wave-front analyzer preoperatively and at 1 and 3 months postoperatively. The corneal topographic parameters evaluated were the average corneal power, regular astigmatism, spherical aberration, and higher-order aberration (HOA). Results. In between-group analyses of groups 1 and 2, no significant differences were observed regarding the changes of the 4 parameters from the baseline to 1 and 3 months postoperatively. No significant differences in the changes of all parameters from the baseline to 1 and 3 months postoperatively were also observed between MH group and the other two groups. A significant difference in the change of HOA from the baseline to 1 month postoperatively was observed between ERM and PDR group however, the difference disappeared at 3 months. Conclusion. 27-gauge vitrectomy did not induce substantial changes in the corneal topographic conditions.