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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2017, Article ID 9154626, 8 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/9154626
Research Article

Corneal Endothelial Characteristics, Central Corneal Thickness, and Intraocular Pressure in a Population of Chinese Age-Related Cataract Patients

1Department of Ophthalmology, The Second People’s Hospital of Jinan, No. 148 Jingyi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250001, China
2Academy of Preventive Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China
3The Department for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan, Shandong, China
4Department of Ophthalmology, Qilu Hospital Affiliated Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Zhentao Fu; moc.621@oatnehzf

Received 19 March 2017; Accepted 26 April 2017; Published 25 May 2017

Academic Editor: Van C. Lansingh

Copyright © 2017 Yingmei Li et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Purpose. To describe corneal endothelial characteristics, central corneal thickness, and intraocular pressure in a population of Chinese age-related cataract patients and to determine the effects of age, gender, hypertension, and body mass index (BMI). Methods. 1551 eyes were examined preoperatively. The parameters measured were endothelial cell density (CD), average cell area (CA), coefficient of variation (CV), cell hexagonality (HEX), central corneal thickness (CCT), intraocular pressure (IOP), and axial length (AL). Results. There were significant differences in CV and BMI between genders. There was a significant decrease in CD, CCT, and IOP and, conversely, an increase in CA and BMI with increasing age. The patients who suffered from hypertension had bigger CA, less CD, and lower HEX than the patients who did not suffer from hypertension. CD has a negative correlation with age and CV and a positive correlation with CCT, CCT has a positive association with CD and IOP, and IOP had a negative relationship with age and a positive relationship with CCT, CA, and HEX. Conclusions. Normative data for the corneal endothelium, central corneal thickness, and intraocular pressure in the normal age-related cataract patients are reported which will serve as a baseline for comparative studies about cataract.