Table 1: Preoperative characteristics of the two study groups.

AT TORBI IOL ()Tecnis toric IOL ()
Mean ± SDRangeMean ± SDRange

CDVA (logMAR)0.32 ± 0.210–10.33 ± 0.180–10.81
Spherical error (D)−1.81 ± 3.75−13.75–5.00−1.62 ± 3.63−14.75–6.000.79
Cylindrical error (D)2.13 ± 0.910.50–4.252.1 ± 0.930.50–4.750.67
Axis (degree)94.97 ± 42.160–18086.71 ± 42.865–1750.31
SE (D)−0.71 ± 3.51−12.25–5.87−0.55 ± 3.43−12.87–7.000.83
J0 (D)0.28 ± 0.74−1.96–1.76−0.12 ± 0.73−1.88–1.700.07
J45 (D)−0.15 ± 0.80−1.50–1.70−0.13 ± 0.73−2.36–1.470.84
Corneal cylinder (D)2.06 ± 0.641.00–3.962.02 ± 0.611.26–3.950.68
Corneal SA (μm)0.31 ± 0.380.01–2.840.27 ± 0.170.04–1.200.48
Axial length (mm)23.29 ± 1.1921.13–26.8223.31 ± 1.2921.01–27.330.94
Spherical IOL power (D)19.84 ± 3.6611.5–2820.88 ± 3.8511.0–32.00.001
Cylindrical IOL power (D)2.41 ± 0.881.0–5.02.52 ± 0.741.5–4.00.68
CCP (D)44.27 ± 1.541.2–47.844.2 ± 1.540.9–48.10.9

CDVA = corrected distance visual acuity; logMAR = logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution; SE = spherical equivalent; J0 and J45 = cylindrical vectors; SA = spherical aberration (central 6 mm); CCP = central corneal power; P = difference between the two groups using generalized estimating equation.