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Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume 2018 (2018), Article ID 4680603, 11 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/4680603
Review Article

Early Intervention and Nonpharmacological Therapy of Myopia in Young Adults

1Department of Immunobiology and Environment Microbiology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
2Students’ Scientific Group Department of Immunobiology and Environment Microbiology, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
3Emergency Medicine Workshop, Department of Emergency Medicine, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland

Correspondence should be addressed to Katarzyna Zorena; lp.ude.demug@anerozk

Received 14 October 2017; Accepted 13 December 2017; Published 8 February 2018

Academic Editor: Malgorzata Mrugacz

Copyright © 2018 Katarzyna Zorena et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Myopia is a condition of the eye where parallel rays focus in front of, instead of on, the retina, which results in excessive refractive power of the cornea or the lens or eyeball elongation. Studies carried out in recent years show that the etiology of myopia is complex with genetic and environmental factors playing a role. Refraction defects decrease the quality of vision, while progressing myopia can lead to partial loss of vision, which can be particularly dramatic in young adults. Therefore, it is so crucial to take appropriate actions aimed at preventing myopia progression. This is a review of nonpharmacological therapeutic possibilities of refraction defect prevention in young adults, with special regard to myofascial therapy, osteopathy, and massage of acupuncture points surrounding the eye.