Table 6: Comparison of anthropometry, calcium metabolism parameters, and bone mineral density in CA-positive and negative-T1DM patients (expressed as mean ± SD).

CA+CA−P value

Demography
 Age (years)
 Gender ratio M/F6/55/5
Anthropometry
 Height (cm) 0.71
 Weight (kg) 0.42
 Body mass index (kg/m2) 0.82
BMD “ score
 Total body <0.01
 Lumbar spine <0.01
Calcium metabolism parameters
 Calcium corrected (mg%)
(8.5–10.5)

0.96
 Phosphorus (mg%)
(3–5.5%)
0.20
 Creatinine (mg%)
(0.6–1.3)
0.49
 Alkaline phosphatase
(30–120 IU/mL)
<0.01
 25 (OH) vitamin D3
(ng/mL)
0.18
 Vitamin D deficiency (<30 ng/mL)4/11 (36%)6/22 (27%)0.88

BMD: bone mineral density; CA: celiac autoimmunity; T1DM: type 1 diabetes mellitus.