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Journal of Osteoporosis
Volume 2017, Article ID 3905492, 7 pages
Research Article

Exercise Training in Treatment and Rehabilitation of Hip Osteoarthritis: A 12-Week Pilot Trial

1The UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland
2Department of Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery, Tampere University Hospital and Medical School, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland

Correspondence should be addressed to Kirsti Uusi-Rasi; if.atu@isar-isuu.itsrik

Received 7 July 2016; Accepted 30 November 2016; Published 1 January 2017

Academic Editor: Merry Jo Oursler

Copyright © 2017 Kirsti Uusi-Rasi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Introduction. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip is one of the major causes of pain and disability in the older population. Although exercise is an effective treatment for knee OA, there is lack of evidence regarding hip OA. The aim of this trial was to test the safety and feasibility of a specifically designed exercise program in relieving hip pain and improving function in hip OA participants and to evaluate various methods to measure changes in their physical functioning. Materials and Methods. 13 women aged ≥ 65 years with hip OA were recruited in this 12-week pilot study. Results. Pain declined significantly over 30% from baseline, and joint function and health-related quality of life improved slightly. Objective assessment of physical functioning showed statistically significant improvement in the maximal isometric leg extensor strength by 20% and in the hip extension range of motion by 30%. Conclusions. The exercise program was found to be safe and feasible. The present evidence indicates that the exercise program is effective in the short term. However, adequate powered RCTs are needed to determine effects of long-term exercise therapy on pain and progression of hip OA.