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Retracted

This article has been retracted as it is found to contain a substantial amount of material from the paper “Human chorionic gonadotropin and testosterone in normal and preeclamptic pregnancies in relation to fetal sex,” authored by Johan Arnt Steier, Magnar Ulstein, and Ole L. Myking and it is published in “Obstetrics & Gynecology” in September 2002.

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References

  1. N. Lorzadeh and S. Kazemirad, β€œThe effects of fetal gender on serum human chorionic gonadotropin and testosterone in normotensive and preeclamptic pregnancies,” Journal of Pregnancy, vol. 2012, Article ID 874290, 6 pages, 2012.
Journal of Pregnancy
Volume 2012, Article ID 874290, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/874290
Research Article

The Effects of Fetal Gender on Serum Human Chorionic Gonadotropin and Testosterone in Normotensive and Preeclamptic Pregnancies

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Asali Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Lorestan, Iran

Received 7 July 2011; Revised 6 November 2011; Accepted 30 November 2011

Academic Editor: Albert Fortuny

Copyright © 2012 Nahid Lorzadeh and Sirous Kazemirad. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of fetal sex on serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and testosterone in normotensive and preeclamptic pregnancies. Materials and Methods. This is a cross-sectional study and 139 women with singleton pregnancies in the third trimester were studied. Seventy-one pregnancies were uncomplicated; among those were 35 male and 36 female fetuses. Sixty-eight pregnancies were complicated by preeclampsia; among those were 35 male and 33 female fetuses. Human chorionic gonadotropin and total testosterone were measured in maternal peripheral blood. Data analyzed by SPSS software. Results. In male-bearing pregnancies, maternal hCG and testosterone serum levels were significantly higher in preeclamptic than normotensive mothers ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 and 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 , resp.) in female-bearing pregnancies testosterone levels were significantly higher in preeclamptic than normotensive mothers ( 𝑃 < 0 . 0 0 1 ). Total testosterone levels were significantly higher in pregnancies with either gender and significantly higher in mlae-bearing than in female-bearing pregnancies. Conclusion. According to our results, there is a correlation between maternal serum hCG and testosterone levels and preeclampsia. Therefore these tests can be used as routine during 30–38 weeks of gestation. High maternal serum concentrations of these markers can predict preeclampsia.