Table 2: Components of metabolic syndrome (MeS) and prevalence of MeS by two criteria in all women and in the intensified counselling, usual care, and abnormal OGTT groups at one year postpartum. Means and standard deviations or frequencies (and proportions) of participants.

All
( –150)
Intensified counselling
( –56)
Usual care
( –62)
Early GDMa
( –32)

Waist circumference (cm)88.8 ± 11.486.7 ± 11.588.8 ± 10.292.7 ± 12.7
 Waist ≥ 80 cm102 (74)36 (69)43 (77)23 (77)
 Waist ≥ 88 cm69 (50)20 (39)30 (54)19 (63)
Fasting glucose (mmol/L)5.4 ± 0.45.3 ± 0.45.3 ± 0.45.7 ± 0.5
 Fasting glucose ≥ 5.6 mmol/L43 (29)11 (20)16 (26)16 (50)
Systolic pressure (mmHg)116 ± 11114 ± 9 116 ± 12118 ± 12
Diastolic pressure (mmHg)74 ± 972 ± 776 ± 1075 ± 10
 Blood pressure ≥ 130 or ≥85 mmHg23 (17)4 (8)12 (21)7 (23)
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.50 ± 0.341.43 ± 0.301.57 ± 0.371.49 ± 0.30
 HDL cholesterol ≤ 1.3 mmol/L40 (27)17 (32)14 (23)9 (28)
Triglycerides (mmol/L)0.97 ± 0.430.93 ± 0.370.94 ± 0.441.06 ± 0.49
 Triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/L12 (8)3 (6)4 (7)5 (16)
Metabolic syndrome (IDF)b27 (18)6 (11)11 (18)10 (31)
Metabolic syndrome (NCEP)c24 (16)4 (7)10 (16)10 (31)

GDM: gestational diabetes mellitus.
bInternational Diabetes Federation.
cNational Cholesterol Education Adult Treatment Panel III.