Table 1: Demographics.

CharacteristicsSupraumbilical 
Pfannenstiel 
value

Age <.0001
Average body mass index <.0001
Gestation at delivery .0015
African American 37 (86%)77 (86%).6655
Diabetes21 (49%)8 (9%)<.0001
Hypertension23 (53%)39 (43%).2722
Preeclampsia19 (44%)31 (34%).2780
Tobacco use4 (9%)10 (11%)1.0000
Previous abdominal surgery21 (49%)44 (49%).9956