Journal of Pregnancy / 2015 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Dysfunctions among Indian Pregnant Women

Table 1

Prevalence of musculoskeletal dysfunctions across trimesters in percentage (%).

DysfunctionsFirst trimester
( = 30)
Second trimester ( = 65)Third trimester ( = 116)

Low back pain3.34233.7
Pelvic girdle pain3.33732.5
Knee joint pain3.37.77.8
Ankle joint pain3.36.25.8
Hip joint pain04.712.1
Pubic symphysis pain0010.4
Neck pain06.22.5
Foot pain13.31737.1
Foot muscle cramps3.39.315.1
Calf muscle cramps26.747.864.6
Thigh muscle cramps3.31.51.7
Tingling & numbness in lower limbs1015.44.3
Carpal tunnel syndrome09.35.1
Stiffness in upper limb joints 007.7
Stiffness in lower limb joints001.7
Upper back pain003.4
Trapezius spasm01.51.7

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