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Journal of Pregnancy
Volume 2017, Article ID 3653874, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3653874
Research Article

Determinants of Malaria Prevention and Treatment Seeking Behaviours of Pregnant Undergraduates Resident in University Hostels, South-East Nigeria

1Department of Nursing Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria
2Department of Nursing Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nnewi, Nigeria

Correspondence should be addressed to Anthonia Ukamaka Chinweuba; gn.ude.nnu@abuewnihc.ainohtna

Received 14 May 2017; Revised 24 October 2017; Accepted 31 October 2017; Published 3 December 2017

Academic Editor: Fabio Facchinetti

Copyright © 2017 Anthonia Ukamaka Chinweuba et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This cross-sectional descriptive survey investigated determinants of malaria prevention and treatment seeking behaviours of pregnant undergraduates resident in university hostels, South-East Nigeria. Purposive sampling was used to enrol 121 accessible and consenting undergraduates with self-revealed and noticeable pregnancy residing in twenty-three female hostels of four university campuses in Enugu State, Nigeria. Structured interview guide developed based on reviewed literature and WHO-recommended malaria prevention and treatment measures was used to collect students’ self-report data on malaria preventive health behaviours, sick role behaviours, and clinic use using mixed methods. The WHO-recommended malaria prevention measures were sparingly used. Some believed that pregnancy does not play any role in a woman’s reaction to malaria infection. Only 41 (50.6%) visited a hospital for screening and treatment. Thirty-four (28.1%) used antimalaria medicine bought from chemist shop or over-the-counter medicines, while 33 (27.3%) used untreated net. The students were more likely to complete their antimalaria medicine when they were sick with malaria infection than for prevention (). Knowledge, academic schedule, cultural influence on perception and decision-making, and accessibility of health facility were key determinants of the women’s preventive and treatment seeking behaviours. Health education on malaria prevention and dangers of drug abuse should form part of orientation lectures for all freshmen. University health centres should be upgraded to provide basic antenatal care services.