Journal of Pregnancy / 2019 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Predictors of Unsafe Induced Abortion among Women in Ghana

Table 3

Univariate and multivariable logistic regression of the predictors of unsafe induced abortion among women (15-49 years of age) in Ghana.

Variable/categoryUnivariateMultivariable
OR95%CIP-valueAOR95%CIP-value

Demographic characteristics
Age (years)
<201.001.00
20-241.130.64-2.010.6691.040.55-1.980.897
25-340.650.38-1.110.1120.610.33-1.450.126
35-490.500.28-0.890.0180.470.24-0.910.026
Age at first sexual intercourse
<18 years1.00
18 years and over0.930.73-1.180.537-
Marital status
Single1.001.00
Married0.610.44-0.850.0030.780.53-1.160.225
Cohabiting0.900.66-1.210.4810.840.60-1.170.304
Religious affiliation
Traditional1.00
Christian0.810.31-2.060.650
Islam0.740.26-2.120.579-
Socioeconomic characteristics
Highest educational attainment
No education1.001.00
Primary1.320.75-2.330.3401.070.58-2.000.817
Junior high0.960.61-1.510.8570.860.49-1.500.584
Secondary or above0.690.44-1.090.1080.720.37-1.400.329
Ecological zone
Northern1.00
Middle1.340.91-1.990.143
Coastal1.100.74-1.630.632-
Place of residence
Urban1.00
Rural1.130.86-1.480.397-
Wealth index
Lowest1.001.00
Second1.850.93-3.680.0771.720.80-3.740.167
Middle1.560.86-2.830.1421.490.74-3.010.267
Fourth1.050.58-1.870.8801.190.59-2.380.626
Highest0.740.41-1.300.2961.030.51-2.070.943
Abortion characteristics
Previously induced abortion
Yes1.00
No1.290.99-1.670.0581.100.83-1.470.498
Multiple steps to end pregnancy
Yes1.00
No1.290.90-1.840.164-
Payment for abortion services
Yes1.001.00
No4.442.24-8.80<0.0014.642.19-9.83<0.001
Knowledge/information
Correct knowledge of fertile period
Yes1.001.00
No1.471.10-1.950.0091.290.96-1.730.088
Knowledge of legal status of abortion in Ghana
Yes1.001.00
No2.501.68-3.72<0.0012.061.30-3.280.002
Media exposure
Yes1.001.00
No1.341.04-1.730.0231.050.75-1.490.764
Contraceptives use
Using contraceptive at time of pregnancy
Yes1.00
No1.190.86-1.630.291-

Goodness of fit test.
F-adjusted test statistic = F(9, 562)=0.268 and p=0.983.