Table 5: Detection of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica in natural samples.

SampleNo. of samplesReference

Clinical
 Pig tonsils185Fredriksson-Ahomaa et al. [37]
 Pig tonsils252Boyapalle et al. [56]
 Pig feces255Boyapalle et al. [56]
 Mesenteric  lymph  nodes257Boyapalle et al. [56]
Food
 Pig tongues51Vishnubhatla et al. [55]
 Minced pork255Fredriksson-Ahomaa and Korkeala [7]
 Pig offal34
 Chicken43Fredriksson-Ahomaa and Korkeala [7]
 Fish200
 Lettuce101
 Porka300Johannessen et al. [57]
 Pig tongues157
 Ground pork100Vishnubhatla et al. [55]
 Ground beef100
 Tofu50Vishnubhatla et al. [55]
 Ground pork350Vishnubhatla et al. [55]
 Chitterling350Boyapalle et al. [56]
Animal
 Cattle46Wang et al. [19]
 Goats160Wang et al. [34]
 Dogs100Wang et al. [34]
 Swine196Wang et al. [34]
 Poultry68Wang et al. [34]
Environmental
 Water105Sandery et al. [58]
 Slaughterhouse89Fredriksson-Ahomaa et al. [59]
 Flies7Wang et al. [34]

aExcept pig tongues and offal.