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Journal of Pathogens
Volume 2012, Article ID 126819, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/126819
Review Article

Myco-Biocontrol of Insect Pests: Factors Involved, Mechanism, and Regulation

1Department of Biotechnology, Maharishi Markandeshwar, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana 133203, India
2Department of Bio & Nanotechnology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology, Hisar, Haryana 125001, India
3Plant Biotechnology Division, Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine (IIIM), Jammu, J & K 180001, India
4Department of Pulmonary Medicine & Critical Care, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA

Received 31 August 2011; Accepted 27 November 2011

Academic Editor: Nilce M. Martinez-Rossi

Copyright © 2012 Sardul Singh Sandhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The growing demand for reducing chemical inputs in agriculture and increased resistance to insecticides have provided great impetus to the development of alternative forms of insect-pest control. Myco-biocontrol offers an attractive alternative to the use of chemical pesticides. Myco-biocontrol agents are naturally occurring organisms which are perceived as less damaging to the environment. Their mode of action appears little complex which makes it highly unlikely that resistance could be developed to a biopesticide. Past research has shown some promise of the use of fungi as a selective pesticide. The current paper updates us about the recent progress in the field of myco-biocontrol of insect pests and their possible mechanism of action to further enhance our understanding about the biological control of insect pests.