Table 3: Benefits of Probiotics in aquaculture.

Probiotic strainUsed onEffect of probiotic strainReference

Bacillus S11 Penaeus monodon Protection against Vibrio harveyi by stimulation of cellular and humoral immune defenses[30]

Bacillus subtilis
UTM 126
Litopenaeus vannamei Control vibriosis by producing bacitracin, gramicidin, polymyxin, tyrotricidin, and competitive exclusion[32]

StreptomycesPenaeus monodon Better water quality parameters, increased length and weight of the animal[33]

Bacillus subtilis E20 Litopenaeus monodon Enhance humoral immune response[34]