Table 5: List of microbial strains authorized as probiotics under Council Directive 70/524/EEC.

Probiotic strainHost and applied hostBeneficial effectMethod of applicationReference

Bacillus cereus Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis Control vibrio concentration as well as a commercial probiotic. Mean final weight and specific growth rate of shrimp were significantly higherAddition to culture water[55]

Bacillus licheniformis Penaeus monodon Occur naturally in the intestinal tracts of prawns Compete with other bacteria in ponding and clearing the organic matterAddition to culture water[56]

Bacillus subtilis Penaeus monodon Occur naturally in the GIT. Higher shrimp growth, FCR, increased immunity to Vibrio harveyi 639 infectionAddition to culture water[57]

Saccharomyces cerevisiae Litopenaeus vannamei, Immunostimulation and protection to Vibrio harveyi Addition to diet[58]

Streptococcus sp.Fenneropenaeus indicus Antagonism to Vibrio alginolyticus Enrichment to live food, addition to diet[59]

Pediococcus acidilactici Artemia cultureControl Vibrio alginolyticus infectionAddition to diet[60]