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Journal of Pathogens
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 152767, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/152767
Research Article

Clinical Presentation and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Contact Lens Associated Microbial Keratitis

1Department of Ophthalmology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2Department of Ophthalmology, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
3Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch, Babol, Iran

Received 31 August 2015; Revised 29 October 2015; Accepted 2 November 2015

Academic Editor: Nongnuch Vanittanakom

Copyright © 2015 Hesam Hedayati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Introduction. In recent years, the number of contact lens wearers has dramatically increased in Iran, particularly in youngsters. The purpose of current study was to assess the clinical presentation and antibiotic susceptibility of contact lens related microbial keratitis in Ahvaz, southwest of Iran. Methodology. A cross-sectional investigation of 26 patients (33 eyes) with contact lens induced corneal ulcers who were admitted to Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ahwaz City, from June 2012 to June 2013 was done. In order to study microbial culture and susceptibility of corneal ulcers, all of them were scraped. Results. Eight samples were reported as sterile. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (80%) in positive cultures was the most widely recognized causative organism isolated. This is followed by Staphylococcus aureus 12% and Enterobacter 8%. The results showed that 84% of the microorganism cases were sensitive to ciprofloxacin, while imipenem, meropenem, and ceftazidime were the second most effective antibiotics (76%). Conclusion. Results of current study show the importance of referring all contact lens wearers with suspected corneal infection to ophthalmologists for more cure. The corneal scraping culture and contact lens solution should be performed to guide antibiotic therapy.