Journal of Parasitology Research / 2012 / Article / Fig 2

Review Article

Human Schistosome Infection and Allergic Sensitisation

Figure 2

Interaction between CD23 and its ligands, IgE and CD21. Binding of IgE stabilises membrane-bound CD23 and inhibits IgE synthesis (I) from activated B cells while in the absence of IgE binding the CD23 is cleaved by ADAM10 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease protein 10) and this destabilisation enhances IgE synthesis (II). However, soluble CD23 (sCD23) fragments resulting from the cleavage have the ability to bind IgE with different affinities depending on their oligomerization state: trimers (III) bind IgE with high affinity while monomers (IV) bind with low affinity. Trimers enhance IgE synthesis by their ability to also bind CD21 receptor (III) while monomers fail to bind CD21 and inhibit IgE synthesis (IV) (adapted from [3236]).

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