Journal of Parasitology Research / 2012 / Article / Tab 1

Research Article

Cytokine and Chemokine Profile in Individuals with Different Degrees of Periportal Fibrosis due to Schistosoma mansoni Infection

Table 1

Demographic characteristics of the individuals enrolled in the study ( ).

CharacteristicWithout fibrosis ( )Incipient fibrosis ( )Moderate to severe fibrosis ( )P

Age (median/range)*
19 (5–60)30 (9–58)40 (21–59) <0.001a,b
Gender (%)**
 Male83 (52.5)23 (51.1)8 (47.1)ns
 Female75 (47.5)22 (48.9)9 (52.9)
Burden parasite for Schistosoma mansoni (EPG/range)*
72 (24–4752)42 (24–1380)60 (24–200) 0.0451a
Coinfection (Schistosoma mansoni and other helminth infections) (%)**
 Yes74.768.366.7ns
 No25.331.733.3

*Kruskal-Wallis; **Chi-squared Test; awithout fibrosis versus incipient fibrosis; bwithout fibrosis versus moderate to severe fibrosis.
EPG: eggs per gram of feces; ns: not significant ( ).