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Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 541268, 8 pages
Review Article

Schistosoma Tegument Proteins in Vaccine and Diagnosis Development: An Update

1Laboratório de Esquistossomose, Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Avenida Augusto de Lima 1715, Belo Horizonte,MG 30190-002, Brazil
2Instituto Nacional de Ciências e Tecnologia em Doenças Tropicais (INCT-DT), Avenida Augusto de Lima 1715, Belo Horizonte, MG 30190-002, Brazil

Received 27 July 2012; Accepted 24 September 2012

Academic Editor: Andrea Teixeira-Carvalho

Copyright © 2012 Cristina Toscano Fonseca et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The development of a vaccine against schistosomiasis and also the availability of a more sensitive diagnosis test are important tools to help chemotherapy in controlling disease transmission. Bioinformatics tools, together with the access to parasite genome, published recently, should help generate new knowledge on parasite biology and search for new vaccines or therapeutic targets and antigens to be used in the disease diagnosis. Parasite surface proteins, especially those expressed in schistosomula tegument, represent interesting targets to be used in vaccine formulations and in the diagnosis of early infections, since the tegument represents the interface between host and parasite and its molecules are responsible for essential functions to parasite survival. In this paper we will present the advances in the development of vaccines and diagnosis tests achieved with the use of the information from schistosome genome focused on parasite tegument as a source for antigens.