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Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 574020, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/574020
Review Article

Thymus Atrophy and Double-Positive Escape Are Common Features in Infectious Diseases

1Laboratory on Thymus Research, Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Avenue Brasil 4365, Manguinhos, 21045-900 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
2Department of Immunology, Microbiology Institute, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 21941-590 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil

Received 16 August 2011; Accepted 20 October 2011

Academic Editor: Mauricio M. Rodrigues

Copyright © 2012 Juliana de Meis et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [14 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Andreas Jansson, Anna-Karin Pernestig, Patric Nilsson, Mats Jirstrand, and Elisabeth Hultgren Hörnquist, “Toward Quantifying the Thymic Dysfunctional State in Mouse Models of Inflammatory Bowel Disease,” Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 881–888, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
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  • Gheorghe Solcan, Constantin Spataru, Carmen Solcan, Bogdan Oprisan, Mihaela Spataru, and Viorel Floristean, “Immunotoxic action of aflatoxin B1 against lymphoid organs is coupled with the high expression of Bcl-2 by reticulo-epithelial cells in broiler chickens,” Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, vol. 13, no. 15, pp. 937–944, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Giuseppe Fiume, Annarita Scialdone, Francesco Albano, Annalisa Rossi, Franca Maria Tuccillo, Domenica Rea, Camillo Palmieri, Elisabetta Caiazzo, Carla Cicala, Claudio Bellevicine, Cristina Falcone, Eleonora Vecchio, Antonio Pisano, Simona Ceglia, Selena Mimmi, Enrico Iaccino, Annamaria de Laurentiis, Marilena Pontoriero, Valter Agosti, Giancarlo Troncone, Chiara Mignogna, Giuseppe Palma, Claudio Arra, Massimo Mallardo, Franco Maria Buonaguro, Giuseppe Scala, and Ileana Quinto, “Impairment of T cell development and acute inflammatory response in HIV-1 Tat transgenic mice,” Scientific Reports, vol. 5, pp. 13864, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jessica P. Leyva-Rangel, Maria de los Angeles Hernández-Cueto, Carlos-Samuel Galan-Enriquez, Marcela López-Medina, and Vianney Ortiz-Navarrete, “ Bacterial clearance reverses a skewed T-cell repertoire induced by Salmonella infection ,” Immunity, Inflammation and Disease, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Raquel A. Pinna, Danielle Silva-dos-Santos, Daiana S. Perce-da-Silva, Joseli Oliveira-Ferreira, Dea M. S. Villa-Verde, Paula M. De Luca, and Dalma M. Banic, “Malaria-Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Co-infection: Influence on Disease Outcomes and Immune Response,” Frontiers in Microbiology, vol. 7, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Rosaria Di Gangi, Thiago Alves da Costa, Rodolfo Thomé, Gabriela Peron, Eva Burger, and Liana Verinaud, “Paracoccidioides brasiliensis infection promotes thymic disarrangement and premature egress of mature lymphocytes expressing prohibitive TCRs,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 16, no. 1, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • David G. Kugler, Francis A. Flomerfelt, Diego L. Costa, Karen Laky, Olena Kamenyeva, Paul R. Mittelstadt, Ronald E. Gress, Stephan P. Rosshart, Barbara Rehermann, Jonathan D. Ashwell, Alan Sher, and Dragana Jankovic, “Systemic toxoplasma infection triggers a long-term defect in the generation and function of naive T lymphocytes,” The Journal of Experimental Medicine, pp. jem.20151636, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Thiago Alves da Costa, Rosária Di Gangi, Rodolfo Thomé, Marina Barreto Felisbino, Amanda Pires Bonfanti, Larissa Lumi Watanabe Ishikawa, Alexandrina Sartori, Eva Burger, and Liana Verinaud, “Severe Changes in Thymic Microenvironment in a Chronic Experimental Model of Paracoccidioidomycosis,” Plos One, vol. 11, no. 10, pp. e0164745, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Laura Kuchler, Lisa K. Sha, Annika K. Giegerich, Tilo Knape, Carlo Angioni, Nerea Ferreirós, Martina V. Schmidt, Andreas Weigert, Bernhard Brüne, and Andreas von Knethen, “Elevated intrathymic sphingosine-1-phosphate promotes thymus involution during sepsis,” Molecular Immunology, vol. 90, pp. 255–263, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar