Table 4: Comparative CPT of DEET and citronella oil against mosquito bites.

Product nameActive ingredientPercentage (%)CPT (min)Reference (year)

Insectan SprayDEET24301.45~401.55 Yoon et al. (2014) [18]
(360 ± 1.96)
Aero Bug OffDEET25480EPA (2013) [20]
AquaPel 25% DEET
Insect Repellent PumpDEET25480EPA (2013) [20]
Spray 27411
/DEET25360Thavara et al. (2001) [19]
OFF! Deep WoodsDEET23.8301.5 (±37.6)Fradin and Day (2002) [33]
California Baby Citronella sprayCitronella 59.5 (±1.43)in this study
Buzz AwayCitronella 513.5 (±7.5)Fradin and Day (2002) [33]

Complete protection time (CPT) was determined by calculating the number of minutes from the time of repellent application to the first mosquito landing.