Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 7170534, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7170534
Review Article

Checklists of Parasites of Farm Fishes of Babylon Province, Iraq

1Tegnervägen 6B, 641 36 Katrineholm, Sweden
2Department of Biological Control Technology, Al-Musaib Technical College, Al-Furat Al-Awsat Technical University, Al-Musaib, Iraq

Received 31 October 2015; Accepted 21 April 2016

Academic Editor: José F. Silveira

Copyright © 2016 Furhan T. Mhaisen and Abdul-Razzak L. Al-Rubaie. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. I. Al-Hamed, “Carp culture in Iraq,” Iraqi Journal of Agriculture Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 14–23, 1960. View at Google Scholar
  2. F. T. Mhaisen, “A review on the parasites and diseases in fishes of ponds and farms of Iraq,” Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Science, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 20–28, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  3. Ministry of Agriculture, Statistical Data on Fish Farms in Different Provinces of Iraq up to 31 December 2014, Ministry of Agriculture, Baghdad, Iraq, 2014.
  4. F. T. Mhaisen, “The role of wild fishes in fish farms of Iraq from parasitological and pathological points of view,” Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine, vol. 17, pp. 126–136, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  5. F. T. Mhaisen, “Natural enemies of farm fishes with special emphasis on fish farms of Iraq,” Al-Tharwa Al-Samakia (Fisheries), vol. 14, pp. 92–98, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  6. F. T. Mhaisen, Diseases and Parasites of Fishes, Basrah University Press, 1983.
  7. F. T. Mhaisen, K. S. Al-Niaeem, and A. B. Al-Zubaidy, “Literature review on fish parasites of Al-Furat Fish Farm, Babylon province, Iraq,” Iraqi Journal of Aquaculture, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 95–122, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  8. EOL Encyclopedia of Life On-Line Database, 2015, http://www.eol.org.
  9. ITIS Integrated Taxonomic Information System On-Line Database, 2015, http://www.itis.gov.
  10. MonoDB Web-Host for the Monogenea, 2015, http://www.monodb.org/.
  11. PESI Pan-European Species Dictionaries Infrastructure, 2015, http://www.eu-nomen.eu/portal/webservices.php.
  12. WoRMS World Register of Marine Species, 2015, http://www.marinespecies.org.
  13. D. I. Gibson, T. A. Timofeeva, and P. I. Gerasev, “A catalogue of the nominal species of the monogenean genus Dactylogyrus Diesing, 1850 and their host genera,” Systematic Parasitology, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 3–48, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. O. N. Pugachev, P. I. Gerasev, A. V. Gussev, R. Ergens, and I. Khotenowsky, Eds., Guide to Monogenoidea of Freshwater Fish of Palaearctic and Amur Regions, Edizioni Ledizioni Ledi, Milano, Italy, 2009.
  15. F. T. Mhaisen and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “Checklists of Gyrodactylus species (Monogenea) from fishes of Iraq,” Basrah Journal of Agriculture Science, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 8–25, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. F. T. Mhaisen and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “Checklists of diplozoid species (Monogenea) from fishes of Iraq,” Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 95–111, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  17. F. T. Mhaisen, “Index-catalogue of parasites and disease agents of fishes of Iraq,” 2015.
  18. N. M. Ali, F. T. Mhaisen, E. S. Abul-Eis, and L. S. Kadim, “First occurrence of the monogenetic trematode Gyrodactylus kherulensis Ergens, 1974 in Iraq on the gills of the common carp Cyprinus carpio,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 659–664, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  19. F. T. Mhaisen, N. M. Ali, E. S. Abul-Eis, and L. S. Kadim, “First record of Dactylogyrus achmerowi Gussev, 1955 with an identification key for the dactylogyrids of fishes of Iraq,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 19, pp. 887–900, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  20. N. M. Ali, F. T. Mhaisen, and E. S. Abul-Eis, “Three stalked ciliates (Scyphidia: Peritrichia) new to the parasitic fauna of the fishes of Iraq,” in Proceedings of the Fifth Scientific Research Council, vol. 5, pp. 218–224, 1989.
  21. N. M. Ali, F. T. Mhaisen, E. S. Abul-Eis, and L. S. Kadim, “Parasites of the silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix from Babylon Fish Farm, Hilla, Iraq,” Rivista di Idrobiologia, vol. 28, no. 1-2, pp. 151–154, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  22. N. M. Ali, F. T. Mhaisen, E. S. Abul-Eis, and L. S. Kadim, “Helminth parasites of the mugilid fish Liza abu (Heckel) inhabiting Babylon Fish Farm, Hilla, Iraq,” in Proceedings of the Fifth Scientific Research Council, vol. 5, pp. 225–233, 1989.
  23. F. T. Mhaisen, N. M. Ali, E. S. Abul-Eis, and L. S. Kadim, “Protozoan and crustacean parasites of the mugilid fish Liza abu (Heckel) inhabiting Babylon Fish Farm, Hilla, Iraq,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 517–525, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  24. F. T. Mhaisen, N. M. Ali, E. S. Abul-Eis, and L. S. Kadim, “Parasitological investigation on the grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) of Babylon Fish Farm, Hilla, Iraq,” Iraqi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 89–96, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  25. F. T. Mhaisen and E. S. Abul-Eis, “Parasites of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Babylon Fish Farm, Hilla, Iraq, cited in F. T. Mhaisen, N. R. Khamees and S. A. M. Al-Daraji, Parasites and disease agents of carps in Iraq: a check-list,” Basrah Journal of Agriculture Science, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 133–139, 1991. View at Google Scholar
  26. F. T. Mhaisen, A. N. Balasem, G. H. Al-Khateeb, S. M. J. Al-Shaikh, and J. M. Al-Jawda, “Survey of parasites of farm fishes in three provinces in mid Iraq,” Al-Tharwa Al-Samakia, vol. 13, pp. 84–87, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  27. A. B. Al-Zubaidy, Studies on the parasitic fauna of carps in Al-Furat Fish Farm, Babylon province, Iraq [Ph.D. thesis], University of Babylon, 1998.
  28. F. H. A. Al-Dulaimi, Distribution of infection with Lernaea cyprinacea L. in carps and its control by using some plant extracts [M.S. thesis], University of Babylon, 2002.
  29. N. A. A. Al-Jadoaa, The parasitic infections and pathological changes of some local and cultured fishes from Al-Qadisiya and Babylon provinces [Ph.D. thesis], Al-Qadisiya University, 2002.
  30. N. A. Al-Zamily, Efficiency of some plant extracts in eradication of monogenetic trematodes parasitizing skin and gills of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) [M.S. thesis], University of Baghdad, 2002.
  31. R. A. Kadim, Investigation of crustacean parasites on some species of fishes in Al-Furat Fish Farm and Al-Mahaweel Drainage Collector in Babylon province [M.S. thesis], University of Babylon, 2003.
  32. F. T. Mhaisen, M. T. Al-Kaisey, and N. A. Al-Zamily, “Effect of the water extracts of red pepper and colocynth in treating the common carp infected with skin and gill trematodes,” Iraqi Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 5–14, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  33. N. A. Al-Zamily, F. F. Mhaisen, and M. T. Al-Kaisey, “Efficiency of the water extract of pomegranate fruit shells in treating the common carp infected with skin and gill trematodes,” Ibn Al-Haitham Journal for Pure and Applied Science, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1–12, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  34. A. B. Al-Zubaidy, F. S. Al-Zubadi, and F. T. Mhaisen, “Treatment of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) infected with monogenetic trematodes by using some plant extracts,” Journal of Um Salama for Science, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 22–27, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  35. S. M. A. Al-Haider, Studying the biotic and abiotic factors affecting in survival rate of larvae and fingerling rearing ponds at Al-Furat Company-Babilon [M.S. thesis], Foundation of Technical Education, Baghdad, Iraq, 2008.
  36. G. B. Al-Oumashi, “A study on carp infection dynamics by worm (Dactylogyrus) in Al-Forat Fish Farm,” Al-Qadisiya Journal of Pure Science, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 8–13, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  37. A. B. Al-Zubaidy, “Prevalence and densities of Contracaecum sp. larvae in Liza abu (Heckel, 1843) from different Iraqi water bodies,” Journal of King Abdulaziz University, Marine Science, vol. 20, pp. 3–17, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. A. B. Al-Zubaidy, F. T. Mhaisen, and F. S. Al-Zubaidi, “Study on the parasitic fauna of carps in Al-Furat Fish Farm, Iraq. 1: treatment of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) infected with monogenetic trematodes by using some plant extracts,” Journal of King Abdulaziz University, Marine Science, vol. 20, pp. 155–170, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. R. A. Kadhim, “Resistance of common carp fishes Cyprinus carpio (L.) to reinfection by anchor worm Lernaea cyprinacea (L.),” Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Science, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 49–58, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  40. R. A. Kadim and A. B. Al-Zubaidy, “Treatment of Liza abu infected with the parasitic crustacean Dermoergasilus varicoleus by using boiling water extracts of Artemisia herba-alba (L.) and Petroselinum crispum (Mill.),” Journal of Babylon University, Pure Science, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 518–528, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  41. R. A. Kadim and A. B. Al-Zubaidy, “The pathological effects of the anchor worm Lernaea cyprinacea L. on the common carp Cyprinus carpio L.,” Journal of Babylon University, Pure Science, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 929–935, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  42. A. B. Al-Zubaidy, “Studies on the food, size and endoparasites of Liza abu from river and farm in Babylon, middle of Iraq,” In press.
  43. S. K. Muhammed, An external and eye parasite survey for carp fishes in Al-Eskandaryia region (Babylon) [M.S. thesis], University of Baghdad, 2000.
  44. A. N. Yaseen, Using of some crude plant extracts in treating the common carp, Cyprinus carpio infected with the anchor worm Lernaea cyprinacea [M.S. thesis], University of Baghdad, 2000.
  45. H. T. Hussain, Ectoparasitic infection of the common carp and silver carp fingerlings stocked under winter in Al-Shark Al-Awsat Fish Farm, Babylon province [M.S. thesis], Foundation of Technical Education, Baghdad, Iraq, 2005.
  46. F. H. A. Al-Dulaimi, A. K. A. Al-Hamiary, and A. H. A. Al-Khafaji, “Infection of Liza abu with parasitic crustaceans in waters of a fish farm in Al-Eskandaria district, Babylon province,” Journal of Babylon University, Pure Science, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 749–758, 2006. View at Google Scholar
  47. H. T. Hussain, F. T. Mhaisen, and A. L. Al-Rubaie, “Ectoparasitic infection of the common carp and silver carp fingerlings stocked during winter in Al-Shark Al-Awsat Fish Farm, Babylon province,” Journal of Babylon University, Pure Science, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 204–219, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  48. A. N. Yaseen, F. T. Mhaisen, and M. T. Al-Kaisey, “Effect of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of leaves of henna Lawsonia inermis in treating the common carp Cyprinus carpio L. infected with the anchor worm, Lernaea cyprinacea,” Iraqi Journal of Agriculture, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 150–156, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  49. H. T. Hussain, E. H. Howaidi, T. S. Naif, K. R. Abd, and M. H. Takheal, “Study the relationship between the length of the fish and the incidence external parasites of common carp Cyprinus carpio in the Al-Shark Al-Awsat Fish Farm in Babylon Province,” Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Pure Science, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  50. M. D. Ali and F. Shaaban, “Some species of parasites of freshwater fish raised in ponds and in Tigris-Al-Tharthar canal region,” in Proceedings of the 7th Scientific Conference of the Iraqi Veterinary Medical Association, pp. 44–46, Mosul, Iraq, October 1984.
  51. N. M. Ali, N. E. Salih, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “Protozoa and Crustacea infesting three species of carp raised in ponds in Iraq,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 387–394, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  52. N. E. Salih, N. M. Ali, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “Helminthic fauna of three species of carp raised in ponds in Iraq,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 369–386, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  53. F. T. Mhaisen, A. N. Balasem, G. H. Al-Khateeb, S. M. J. Al-Shaikh, J. M. Al-Jawda, and S. M. Haiawi, “Survey of parasites of three fish farms at Al-Latifiya, south Baghdad,” Marina Mesopotamica, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 218–224, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  54. H. T. Hussain, E. H. Hwaidi, H. H. Elewi, and H. M. AbidAli, “Survey of ectoparasitic infections on the common carp Cyprinus carpio in three fish farms at Al-Eskandriya, Babylon province,” Scientific Journal of University of Kerbala, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 126–131, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  55. A. L. Al-Rubaie, H. T. Hussain, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “The external parasites of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Technical Institute of Al-Mussayab Fish Farm,” Journal of Babylon University, Science, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 46–50, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  56. K. R. Asmar, A. N. Balasem, J. M. Al-Jawda, A. J. Hummadi, and T. K. Adday, “Study of the parasitic infections in some fish farms,” Report 7050-PO 152-2001, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  57. A. A. E. Al-Jubory, Influence of fertilizing the ponds of Cyprinus carpio on the infection with Lernaea cyprinacea [Higher Dipl. thesis], Foundation of Technical Education, Baghdad, Iraq, 2009.
  58. F. H. A. Al-Dulaimi, “Infection with a fish louse Argulus foliaceus L. in a goldfish (Carassius auratus) at earthern pond and aquarium fish in Babylon province, Iraq,” Journal of Babylon University, Pure Science, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 468–473, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  59. H. T. Hussain, T. S. Naief, and E. H. Hwaidi, “Comparative study of external parasitic infection in the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) bred in monoculture and polyculture,” Scientific Journal of University of Kerbala, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 64–71, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  60. N. T. M. Al-Taei, Study of some of the environmental aspects for a group of the external parasitic animals for common carp Cyprinus carpio L. in cages and pond at Al-Saddah/Babylon province [M. Tech. Thesis], Foundation of Technical Education, Baghdad, Iraq, 2013.
  61. H. M. J. Al-Sardee, Effect of quicklime on common carp infested with Lernaea cyprinacea L. [M.S. thesis], University of Baghdad, 1992.
  62. S. M. J. Al-Shaikh, “Study of some important and common fish diseases in Iraq and methods of their control and prevention,” in Proceedings of the Joint Symposium of the Arab Union of Fish Producers and Arab Union Councils of Scientific Research, pp. 133–137, Baghdad, Iraq, December 1993.
  63. S. M. J. Al-Shaikh and H. M. J. Al-Sardee, “Gross pathological and histological changes in infection with the anchor worm and its treatment with quicklime,” Al-Tharwa Al-Samakia (Fisheries), vol. 13, pp. 95–97, 1993. View at Google Scholar
  64. S. M. J. Al-Shaikh, “Pathogenesis and treatment of Monogenea (Dactylogyrus) in fishes,” Veterinarian, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 213–217, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  65. A. L. Al-Rubaie, “Efficiency of propolis on ciliate protozoan parasite Ichthyophthirius multifiliis of Cyprinus carpio,” Euphrates Journal of Agriculture Science, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 54–60, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  66. M. Kirjušina and K. Vismanis, “Checklist of the parasites of fishes of Latvia,” FAO Fisheries Technical Report 369/3, FAO, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  67. M. N. Bhatti, “A note on the occurrence of costiasis disease in the stinging catfish, Heteropneustes fossilis (Bloch) from Basrah waters,” Arab Gulf, vol. 11, no. 1, p. 216, 1979. View at Google Scholar
  68. D. W. Duszynski, L. Couch, and S. J. Upton, Coccidia (Eimeriidae) of Cypriniformes (Cyprinids), 2015, http://www.k-state.edu/parasitology/worldcoccidia/FISHBIB.
  69. N. M. Ali, N. E. Salih, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “Parasitic fauna of some freshwater fishes from Tigris River, Baghdad, Iraq. I: Protozoa,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 11–17, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  70. P. H. Herzog, “Untersuchungen über die parasiten der süßwasserfische des Irak,” Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaften, vol. 20, no. 2-3, pp. 132–147, 1969. View at Google Scholar
  71. S. O. K. Al-Salmany, Parasitic infection of some fish species from Euphrates River at Al-Qaim city, Anbar province [M.S. thesis], University of Tikrit, 2015.
  72. K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “The first record of the ciliated protozoan Trichodina cottidarum in Iraq on the gills of the common carp Cyprinus carpio,” Ibn Al-Haitham Journal for Pure and Applied Science, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 1–6, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  73. M. Shamsuddin, I. A. Nader, and M. J. Al-Azzawi, “Parasites of common fishes from Iraq with special reference to larval form of Contracaecum (Nematoda: Heterocheilidae),” Bulletin of the Biological Research Centre, Baghdad, vol. 5, pp. 66–78, 1971. View at Google Scholar
  74. K. N. Abdul-Ameer, Study of the parasites of freshwater fishes from Tigris River in Salah Al-Dien province, Iraq [M.S. thesis], University of Baghdad, 1989.
  75. Z. I. Fattohy, Studies on the parasites of certain teleostean fishes from the River Tigris, Mosul, Iraq [M.S. thesis], University of Mosul, 1975.
  76. H. M. H. Al-Awadi, F. T. Mhaisen, and F. F. Al-Joborae, “Helminth parasitic fauna of aquatic birds in Bahr Al-Najaf depression, mid Iraq,” Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 7–15, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  77. N. M. Ali, A. R. Al-Jafery, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “New records of three digenetic trematodes on some freshwater fishes from Diyala River, Iraq,” in Proceedings of the Fourth Scientific Conference, Scientific Research Council, vol. 5, pp. 10–19, 1986.
  78. F. T. Mhaisen and E. S. Abul-Eis, “Parasitic helminths of eight species of aquatic birds in Babylon Fish Farm, Hilla, Iraq,” Zoology in the Middle East, vol. 7, pp. 115–120, 1992. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  79. T. I. Al-Alousi, S. M. J. Al-Shaikh, and N. R. Abdul-Rahman, “Incidence of metacercariae of Diplostomum Nordmann, 1832 in Iraqi freshwater fish,” Journal of Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 75, 1988. View at Google Scholar
  80. S. M. A. Abdullah, Survey of the parasites of fishes of Dokan Lake [M.S. thesis], University of Salahaddin, 1990.
  81. F. T. Mhaisen, “Worm cataract in freshwater fishes of Iraq,” Ibn Al-Haitham Journal for Pure and Applied Science, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 25–33, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  82. S. M. A. Abdullah, “Parasitic fauna of some freshwater fishes from Darbandikhan Lake, north of Iraq,” Journal of Dohuk University, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 29–35, 2005. View at Google Scholar
  83. A. V. Gussev, “Parasitic metazoans: class Monogenea,” in Key to the Parasites of Freshwater Fish, O. N. Bauer, Ed., vol. 2 of Fauna of the USSR, pp. 1–424, Nauka, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  84. A. B. Al-Zubaidy, “First record of three monogenic parasites species from Iraqian freshwater fishes,” Journal of King Abdulaziz University, Marine Sciences, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 83–94, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  85. F. T. Mhaisen, A. N. Balasem, G. H. Al-Khateeb, and K. R. Asmar, “Recording of five monogenetic trematodes for the first time from fishes of Iraq,” in Proceedings of the Abstracts of the 14th Scientific Conference of the Iraqi Biological Society, Najaf, Iraq, March 1997.
  86. F. T. Mhaisen, A. N. Balasem, G. H. Al-Khateeb, and K. R. Asmar, “Recording of five monogenetic trematodes for the first time from fishes of Iraq,” Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 31–38, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  87. A. V. Gussev, N. M. Ali, K. N. Abdul-Ameer, S. M. Amin, and K. Molnár, “New and known species of Dactylogyrus Diesing, 1850 (Monogenea, Dactylogyridae) from cyprinid fishes of the River Tigris, Iraq,” Systematic Parasitology, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 229–237, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  88. N. M. Ali, A. R. Al-Jafery, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “New records of three monogenetic trematodes on some freshwater fishes from Diyala River, Iraq,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 253–266, 1986. View at Google Scholar
  89. B. A.-H. E. Al-Sa'adi, The parasitic fauna of fishes of Euphrates River: applied study in Al-Musaib city [M. Tech. thesis], Foundation of Technical Education, Baghdad, Iraq, 2007.
  90. B. A. Al-Sa'adi, F. T. Mhaisen, and A.-R. L. Al-Rubaie, “The first record of two monogeneans: Dactylogyrus dogieli Gussev, 1953 and Octomacrum europaeum Roman & Bykhovskii, 1956 from fishes of Iraq,” Basrah Journal of Agriculture Science, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 1–7, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  91. N. M. Ali, E. S. Abul-Eis, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “On the occurrence of fish parasites raised in manmade lakes,” in Proceedings of the 6th Conference of the European Ichthyologists, Budapest, Hungary, August 1988.
  92. A. N. Balasem, F. T. Mhaisen, K. R. Asmar, J. M. Al-Jawda, and T. K. Adday, “Record of two species of the monogenetic trematodes genus Dactylogyrus for the first time in Iraq on gills of the cyprinid fish Alburnus caeruleus,” Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 11–16, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  93. A. A. Sadek, Ectoparasites of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) fingerlings intensively stocked during autumn and winter [M.S. thesis], University of Baghdad, 1999.
  94. N. M. Ali, N. E. Salih, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “Parasitic fauna of some freshwater fishes from Tigris River, Baghdad, Iraq. II: Trematoda,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 19–27, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  95. A. A. J. J. Al-Saadi, Ecology and taxonomy of parasites of some fishes and biology of Liza abu from Al-Husainia creek in Karbala province [Ph.D. thesis], University of Baghdad, 2007.
  96. F. S. Al-Nasiri, “First occurrence of the monogenetic trematode Diplozoon nipponicum Goto, 1891 in Iraq from common carp Cyprinus carpio (Pisces),” Iraqi Journal of Agriculture, vol. 8, no. 6, pp. 95–99, 2003. View at Google Scholar
  97. A.-R. A.-M. Rasheed, “First record of Diplozoon barbi Reichenbach-Klinke, 1951 from some freshwater fishes from Tigris River, Baghdad, Iraq,” Zanco, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 5–15, 1989. View at Google Scholar
  98. I. A. Khotenovsky, Monogenea: Suborder Octomacrinea Khotenovsky, vol. 132 of Fauna of the USSR, Nauka, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1985.
  99. K. A. Khalifa, “Occurrence of parasitic infections in Iraqian fish ponds,” in Proceedings of the Abstracts of 2nd Scientific Conference, p. 333, Arab Biological Union, Fés, Morocco, March 1982.
  100. K. Molnár, “On the synonyms of Bothriocephalus acheilognathi Yamaguti,” Parasitologica Hungarica, vol. 10, pp. 61–62, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  101. Z. I. Al-Hasani, “Occurrence of two known helminthic parasites in two vertebrate hosts collected from Basrah, Iraq,” Dirasat, vol. 12, no. 7, p. 25, 1985. View at Google Scholar
  102. M. K. Mohammad, A. A. Al-Moussawi, and M. K. Jasim, “The parasitic fauna of the moorhen Gallinula chloropus chloropus L. in the Middle of Iraq,” Bulletin of Iraq Natural History Museum, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 41–49, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  103. A. A. J. J. Al-Saadi, A survey of alimentary canal helminths of some species of fishes from Tharthar Lake [M.S. thesis], University of Baghdad, 1986.
  104. N. M. Ali, A. R. Al-Jafery, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “Parasitic fauna of freshwater fishes in Diyala River, Iraq,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 163–181, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  105. N. M. Ali, N. E. Salih, and K. N. Abdul-Ameer, “Parasitic fauna of some freshwater fishes from Tigris River, Baghdad, Iraq. IV: Nematoda,” Journal of Biological Science Research, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 35–45, 1987. View at Google Scholar
  106. F. T. Mhaisen, “Literature review and check lists of acanthocephalans of fishes of Iraq,” Al-Mustansiriya Journal of Science, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 13–25, 2002. View at Google Scholar
  107. R. S. Al-Sady, Description of a new species of Acanthocephala (Neoechinorhynchus iraqensis) and some ecological aspects of its infection to the mugilid fish Liza abu from Al-Faluja region, Al-Anbar province with observations on the experimental infection [M.S. thesis], University of Baghdad, 2000.
  108. O. M. Amin, R. S. S. Al-Sady, F. T. Mhaisen, and S. F. Bassat, “Neoechinorhynchus iraqensis sp. n. (Acanthocephala: Neoechinorhynchidae) from the freshwater mullet, Liza abu (Heckel), in Iraq,” Comparative Parasitology, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 108–111, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  109. N. R. Khamees and F. T. Mhaisen, “Two copepod crustaceans as additional species to the parasitic fauna of fishes of Iraq,” Basrah Journal of Science, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 49–56, 1995. View at Google Scholar
  110. Z. I. F. Rahemo, “Two new species of Ergasilus (Copepoda: Cyclopoida) from the gills of two Iraqi freshwater fishes,” Bulletin of Basrah Natural History Museum, vol. 5, pp. 39–59, 1982. View at Google Scholar
  111. J.-S. Ho, N. R. Khamees, and F. T. Mhaisen, “Ergasilid copepods (Poecilostomatoida) parasitic on the mullet Liza abu in Iraq, with the description of a new species of Paraergasilus Markevich, 1937,” Systematic Parasitology, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 79–87, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  112. Z. I. F. Rahemo, “Recording of two new hosts of Lamproglena pulchella Nordmann, 1832 (Crustacea: Decapoda) in Iraq,” Iraqi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 82–83, 1977. View at Google Scholar
  113. M. I. Al-Hamed and L. Hermiz, “Experiments on the control of anchor worm (Lernaea cyprinacea),” Aquaculture, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 45–51, 1973. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus