Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 3121050, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3121050
Research Article

In Vivo Antimalarial Activity of the Solvent Fractions of Fruit Rind and Root of Carica papaya Linn (Caricaceae) against Plasmodium berghei in Mice

1Pharmacology Course Team, School of Pharmacy, Jimma University, P.O. Box 378, Jimma, Ethiopia
2Pharmaceutics Course Team, School of Pharmacy, Jimma University, P.O. Box 378, Jimma, Ethiopia

Correspondence should be addressed to Gemechu Zeleke; moc.oohay@iiracekelez

Received 1 August 2017; Accepted 22 November 2017; Published 17 December 2017

Academic Editor: José F. Silveira

Copyright © 2017 Gemechu Zeleke et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Currently, antimalarial drug resistance poses a serious challenge. This stresses the need for newer antimalarial compounds. Carica papaya is used traditionally and showed in vitro antimalarial activity. This study attempted to evaluate in vivo antimalarial activity of C. papaya in mice. Methods. In vivo antimalarial activity of solvent fractions of the plant was carried out against early P. berghei infection in mice. Parasitemia, temperature, PCV, and body weight of mice were recorded. Windows SPSS version 16 (one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey’s post hoc test) was used for data analysis. Results. The pet ether and chloroform fractions of C. papaya fruit rind and root produced a significant () chemosuppressive effect. A maximum parasite suppression of 61.78% was produced by pet ether fraction of C. papaya fruit rind in the highest dose (400 mg/kg/day). Only 400 mg/kg/day dose of chloroform fraction of C. papaya root exhibited a parasite suppression effect (48.11%). But, methanol fraction of the plant parts produced less chemosuppressive effect. Conclusion. Pet ether fraction of C. papaya fruit rind had the highest antimalarial activity and could be a potential source of lead compound. Further study should be done to show the chemical and metabolomic profile of active ingredients.