Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 4368659, 6 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/4368659
Research Article

Frequency of Toxocariasis among Patients Clinically Suspected to Have Visceral Toxocariasis: A Retrospective Descriptive Study in Sri Lanka

1Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
2Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

Correspondence should be addressed to Dhilma Atapattu; moc.oohay@aamlihd

Received 7 July 2017; Revised 13 October 2017; Accepted 17 October 2017; Published 6 December 2017

Academic Editor: José F. Silveira

Copyright © 2017 Devika Iddawela et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. L. T. Glickman and P. M. Schantz, “Epidemiology and pathogenesis of zoonotic toxocariasis,” Epidemiologic Reviews, vol. 3, pp. 230–250, 1981. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. D. Iddawela, K. Ehambaram, and P. Bandara, “Prevalence of toxocara antibodies among patients clinically suspected to have ocular toxocariasis: a retrospective descriptive study in Sri Lanka,” BMC Ophthalmology, vol. 17, no. 1, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. K. Nagakura, H. Tachbana, Y. Kaneda, and Y. Kato, “Toxocariasis possibly caused by ingesting raw chicken,” The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 160, no. 4, pp. 735-736, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. D. Stürchler, N. Weiss, and M. Gassner, “Transmission of toxocariasis,” The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 162, no. 2, pp. 571–571, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. C.-K. Fan, C.-W. Liao, T.-C. Kao, M.-H. Li, W.-Y. Du, and K.-E. Su, “Sero-epidemiology of Toxocara canis infection among aboriginal schoolchildren in the mountainous areas of north-eastern Taiwan,” Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, vol. 99, no. 6, pp. 593–600, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Łuzna-Lyskov, I. Andrzejewska, U. Lesicka, B. Szewczyk-Kramska, T. Luty, and Z. S. Pawłowski, “Clinical interpretation of eosinophilia and ELISA values (OD) in toxocarosis,” Acta Parasitologica, vol. 45, no. 1, pp. 35–39, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. R. Iddawela, P. V. R. Kumarasiri, and M. D. S. Wijesundera, “A seroepidemiological study of toxocariasis and risk factors for infection in children in Sri Lanka,” Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 7–15, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. Campos Jr., G. R. Elefant, E. Ourique de Melo e Silva et al., “Frequency of seropositivity to Toxocara canis in children of different socioeconomic strata,” Journal of the Brazilian Society of Tropical Medicine, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 509–513, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. K. Havasiová, P. Dubinský, and A. Štefančiková, “A seroepidemiological study of human Toxocara infection in the Slovak Republic,” Journal of Helminthology, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 291–296, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Z. Pawlowski, “Toxocariasis in humans: Clinical expression and treatment dilemma,” Journal of Helminthology, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 299–305, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. W. H. Roldán, Y. A. Espinoza, A. Atúncar, E. Ortega, A. Martinez, and M. Saravia, “Frequency of eosinophilia and risk factors and their association with Toxocara infection in schoolchildren during a health survey in the North of Lima, Peru,” Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 273–278, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. M. Schantz, “Toxocara larva migrans now,” The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 41, 3, pp. 21–34, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. S. Uga, K. Ono, N. Kataoka, and H. Hasan, “Seroepidemiology of five major zoonotic parasite infections in inhabitants of Sidoarjo, East Java, Indonesia,” Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 556–561, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  14. B. B. Chomel, R. Kasten, C. Adams et al., “Serosurvey of some major zoonotic infections in children and teenagers in Bali, Indonesia,” The Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 321–326, 1993. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. J.-F. Magnaval, A. Michault, N. Calon, and J.-P. Charlet, “Epidemiology of human toxocariasis in La Réunion,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 88, no. 5, pp. 531–533, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. K. Rai, S. Uga, K. Ono, M. Nakanishi, H. G. Shrestha, and T. Matsumura, “Seroepidemiological study of Toxocara infection in Nepal,” Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 286–290, 1996. View at Google Scholar
  17. M. D. Wijesundera, D. Iddawela, and R. P. Rajapakse, “Validation of a Toxacara ES antigen enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (TES-ELISA) for use in childhood toxocariasis in Sri Lanka,” Ceylon Journal of Medical Science, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 45–50, 2017. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. D. E. Thompson, D. A. Bundy, E. S. Cooper, and P. M. Schantz, “Epidemiological characteristics of Toxocara canis zoonotic infection of children in a Caribbean community,” Bulletin of the World Health Organization, vol. 64, no. 2, 283 pages, 1986. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. J. Gawor, A. Borecka, S. Dobosz et al., “Toxocariasis in children—difficult clinical problem,” Przegl Epidemiol, vol. 62, no. 2, pp. 407–413, 2008. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. C. Beaver, C. H. Snyder, G. M. Carrera, J. H. Dent, and J. W. Lafferty, “Chronic eosinophilia due to visceral larva migrans; report of three cases,” Pediatrics, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 7–19, 1952. View at Google Scholar
  21. D. H. de Savigny, A. Voller, and A. W. Woodruff, “Toxocariasis: serological diagnosis by enzyme immunoassay,” Journal of Clinical Pathology, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 284–288, 1979. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. G. Worley, J. A. Green, T. E. Frothingham et al., “Toxocara canis infection: Clinical and epidemiological association with seropositivity in kindergarten children,” The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 149, no. 4, pp. 591–597, 1984. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. N. E. Radman, S. M. Archelli, R. D. Fonrouge, M. D. V. Guardis, and O. R. Linzitto, “Human toxocarosis. Its seroprevalence in the City of La Plata,” Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 281–285, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. N. R. Lynch, L. K. Wilkes, A. N. Hodgen, and K. J. Turner, “Specificity of Toxocara ELISA in tropical populations,” Parasite Immunology, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 323–337, 1988. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. N. N. Cortés, C. R. Núñez, B. G. L. Guiliana, P. A. H. García, and R. H. Cárdenas, “Presence of anti-Toxocara canis antibodies and risk factors in children from the Amecameca and Chalco regions of México,” BMC Pediatrics, vol. 15, no. 1, article no. 65, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. R. Teixeira, P. P. Chieffi, S. A. Lescano, E. O. de Melo Silva, B. Fux, and M. C. Cury, “Frequency and risk factors for toxocariasis in children from a pediatric outpatient center in southeastern Brazil,” Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 251–255, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. S. Dar, G. Tanveer, B. Yattoo, S. Sofi, and P. Wani, “Seroprevalence of toxocariasis in children in Kashmir, J & K State,” Iranian Journal of Parasitology, vol. 3, pp. 45–50, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  28. S. D. Fernando, W. P. Wickramasinghe, G. M. Kapilananda, R. L. Dewasurendra, J. D. Amarasooriya, and H. G. Dayaratne, “Epidemiological aspects and risk factors of toxocariasis in a pediatric population in Sri Lanka,” Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 983–990, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  29. F. Anaruma Filho, P. P. Chieffi, C. R. Correa, E. D. Camargo, E. P. Silveira, and J. J. Aranha, “Human toxocariasis: Incidence among residents in the outskirts of Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil,” Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 293-294, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. A. Hosseini-Safa, S. M. Mousavi, M. Bahadoran Bagh Badorani, M. Ghatreh Samani, S. Mostafaei, and H. Yousofi Darani, “Seroepidemiology of toxocariasis in children (5–15yr Old) referred to the Pediatric Clinic of Imam Hossein Hospital, Isfahan, Iran,” Iranian Journal of Parasitology, vol. 10, no. 4, Article ID 26811731, pp. 632–637, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  31. P. Hõrak, L. Tummeleht, and H. Talvik, “Predictors and markers of resistance to neurotropic nematode infection in rodent host,” Parasitology Research, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 396–402, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. K. Mazur-Melewska, A. Mania, M. Figlerowicz, P. Kemnitz, W. Słuzewski, and M. Michalak, “The influence of age on a clinical presentation of Toxocara spp. infection in children,” Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 233–236, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  33. L. Jayasena, M. N. Jiffry, M. Wijesundera, and R. L. Ranaweera, “The role of toxocariasis in childhood wheezing,” in Proceedings of the Annual Research Sessions, pp. 119–122, Sri Lanka, 1996.
  34. V. P. Wickramasinghe, S. P. Lamabadusuriya, and M. S. Wijesundera, “Ecchymoses: an unusual manifestation of toxocariasis in children,” The Ceylon Medical Journal, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 130-131, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. A. A. Rayes and J. R. Lambertucci, “Human toxocariasis as a possible cause of eosinophilic arthritis,” Rheumatology, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 109-110, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. U. Ferreira, G. Rubinsky-Elefant, T. G. de Castro et al., “Bottle feeding and exposure to toxocara as risk factors for wheezing illness among under-five Amazonian children: a population-based cross-sectional study,” Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, vol. 53, no. 2, pp. 119–124, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. N. L. El-Tantawy, H. A. El-Nahas, M. M. El-Assmy, and A. M. Alsalem, “Clinicoseroepidemiological evaluation of toxocariasis in asthmatic pediatric children in Mansoura city in Egypt,” Archives of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 4, no. 4:3, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  38. M. Baldisserotto, C. F. M. Conchin, M. D. G. M. Soares, M. A. Araujo, and B. Kramer, “Ultrasound findings in children with toxocariasis: report on 18 cases,” Pediatric Radiology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 316–319, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. P. J. Cooper, “Interactions between helminth parasites and allergy,” Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 29–37, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus