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Journal of Parasitology Research
Volume 2017, Article ID 8524985, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8524985
Research Article

Prevalence of Intestinal Helminths Infestation in Children Attending Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital in Accra, Ghana

1Department of Epidemiology and Research Methodology, St. Francis University College of Health and Allied Sciences, Ifakara, Tanzania
2Department of Epidemiology and Disease Control, School of Public Health, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana
3Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital, P.O. Box GP 122, Accra, Ghana

Correspondence should be addressed to Bismark Sarfo; hg.ude.gu@ofrasb

Received 24 May 2017; Revised 14 July 2017; Accepted 31 July 2017; Published 5 September 2017

Academic Editor: Nirbhay Kumar

Copyright © 2017 Robert Mirisho et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The deworming exercise program does not cover all children who are not in school. This study determined the prevalence and species type of helminth infestation and associated factors among children attending Princess Marie Louise Children’s Hospital in Accra, Ghana. Children (225) below the age of 10 who have not taken antihelminthic drugs prior to the study period were recruited between May and June 2015. Children or guardians were interviewed using structured questionnaires and fresh stools were collected and processed for helminths species identification using microscopy. Data were analyzed using Stata version 12. Overall helminths infestation prevalence was 17.33% (39/225). The identified species were hookworm (10.22% (23/225)) and Ascaris lumbricoides (7.11% (16/225)). No double infestation was observed. Significant associations were observed between infestation and age group beyond 4 years (48 months) (aOR = 16.72, 95% CI 1.00–279.72), place of residence (aOR = 7.35, 95% CI 1.68–32.11), washing hands after using toilet (0.04, 95% CI 0.01–0.20), and dirt on fingernails of children (7.96, 95% CI 1.73–36.65). This study demonstrates high prevalence of helminths parasites, hookworm, and Ascaris lumbricoides in children attending PMLCH. Deworming exercise should be extended to children hospitals in developing countries.