Table 3: Bivariable logistic regression of risk factors in relation to the seroprevalence of asymptomatic Leishmania donovani.

Seroprevalence of L. donovaniStatistics

VariablesPos (%)Neg (%)COR (95% CI)p value

A. Behavioral risk factors
1. Sleeping habit
 Indoor4 (4.8)80 (95.2)1.00
 In agricultural fields4 (18.2)18 (81.8)4.44 (1.01-19.47)0.04
 Subshelter6 (7.6)73 (92.4)1.64 (0.44-6.05)0.45
2. Sleeping under Balanites trees
 Yes9 (12.9)61 (87.1)3.24 (1.04-10.12)0.04
 No5 (4.3)110 (95.7)
3. Travel history to other VL endemic areas
 Yes9 (12.7)62 (87.3)3.16 (1.01-9.86)0.04
 No5 (4.4)109 (95.6)
4. Knows about transmission of VL
 No8 (13.8)50 (86.2)3.22 (1.06-9.77)0.03
 Yes6 (4.7)121 (95.3)
B. Household and environmental risk factors
1. Presence of crack-black cotton soil near sleeping place
 Yes7 (14.6)41 (85.4)3.17 (1.05-9.57)0.04
 No7 (5.1)130 (94.9)
2. Presence of domestic animals near sleeping place
 Yes8 (13.3)52 (86.7)3.05 (1.01-9.23)0.04
 No6 (4.8)119 (95.2)

= statistically significant (p < 0.05).