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Journal of Robotics
Volume 2016, Article ID 3458207, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3458207
Research Article

FAB: Fast Angular Binary Descriptor for Matching Corner Points in Video Imagery

Department of Computer Science, Lahore College for Women University, Jail Road, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

Received 26 November 2015; Accepted 8 May 2016

Academic Editor: Farrokh Janabi-Sharifi

Copyright © 2016 Mehwish Tahir et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Image matching is a fundamental step in several computer vision applications where the requirement is fast, accurate, and robust matching of images in the presence of different transformations. Detection and more importantly description of low-level image features proved to be a more appropriate choice for this purpose, such as edges, corners, or blobs. Modern descriptors use binary values to store neighbourhood information of feature points for matching because binary descriptors are fast to compute and match. This paper proposes a descriptor called Fast Angular Binary (FAB) descriptor that illustrates the neighbourhood of a corner point using a binary vector. It is different from conventional descriptors because of selecting only the useful neighbourhood of corner point instead of the whole circular area of specific radius. The descriptor uses the angle of corner points to reduce the search space and increase the probability of finding an accurate match using binary descriptor. Experiments show that FAB descriptor’s performance is good, but the calculation and matching time is significantly less than BRIEF, the best known binary descriptor, and AMIE, a descriptor that uses entropy and average intensities of informative part of a corner point for the description.