Passive Target Localization Problem Based on Improved Hybrid Adaptive Differential Evolution and Nelder-Mead AlgorithmRead the full article
Journal of Sensors publishes research focused on all aspects of sensors, from their theory and design, to the applications of complete sensing devices.
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Change Analysis of Spring Vegetation Green-Up Date in Qinba Mountains under the Support of Spatiotemporal Data Cube
In recent decades, global and local vegetation phenology has undergone significant changes due to the combination of climate change and human activities. Current researches have revealed the temporal and spatial distribution of vegetation phenology in large scale by using remote sensing data. However, researches on spatiotemporal differentiation of remote sensing phenology and its changes are limited which involves high-dimensional data processing and analysing. A new data model based on data cube technologies was proposed in the paper to efficiently organize remote sensing phenology and related reanalysis data in different scales. The multidimensional aggregation functions in the data cube promote the rapid discovery of the spatiotemporal differentiation of phenology. The exploratory analysis methods were extended to the data cube to mine the change characteristics of the long-term phenology and its influencing factors. Based on this method, the case study explored that the spring phenology of Qinba Mountains has a strong dependence on the topography, and the temperature plays a leading role in the vegetation green-up date distribution of the high-altitude areas while human activities dominate the low-altitude areas. The response of green-up trend slope seems to be the most sensitive at an altitude of about 2000 meters. This research provided a new approach for analysing phenology phenomena and its changes in Qinba Mountains that had the same reference value for other regional phenology studies.
Efficient Routing Approach Using a Collaborative Strategy
Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are a huge number of sensors, which are distributed in area monitoring to collect important signals. WSNs are widely used in several applications such as home automation, environment, and healthcare monitoring. However, most of these applications face various difficulties due to sensor design. Therefore, the major challenge of designing WSNs is saving the energy consumed during communication and extending the network lifetime. Multicriteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) methods have been exploited for saving network energy. However, the majority of researches focus on the Cluster Head (CH) selection. In this paper, we aim to enhance the process of forwarder selection using an efficient combined multicriteria model. The proposed scheme improved the intercluster communication by controlling the distance separating CHs from the sink node. To minimize the cluster density, this work consists of activating only sensor nodes that detect enough strong signals. The activation phase presents a fault-tolerant technique to succeed in the communication process. Moreover, the proposed work is aimed at selecting the most efficient hops, which are responsible for routing data to the sink using the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and the Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) methods. Simulation results proved that our new protocol maximized the residual energy by 15% and 25% and the network lifetime by 35% and 47% compared to the Distributed Clustering Protocol using Voting and Priority (DCPVP) and Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH), respectively.
Variation Characteristics of Stem Water Content in Lagerstroemia indica and Its Response to Environmental Factors
To achieve a rational allocation of limited water resources, and formulation of an appropriate irrigation system, this research studied the change characteristics of stem water content (StWC) in plant and its response to environmental factors. In this study, the StWC and environmental factors of Lagerstroemia indica in Beijing were continuously observed by a BD-IV plant stem water content sensor and a forest microclimate monitoring station from 2017 to 2018. The variation of StWC and its correlation with environmental factors were analyzed. The results showed that the StWC of Lagerstroemia indica varies regularly day and night during the growth cycle. Meanwhile, the rising time, valley time, and falling time of StWC were various at the different growth stages of Lagerstroemia indica. The results of correlation analysis between StWC and environmental factors indicated that the StWC of Lagerstroemia indica was positively correlated with air relative humidity, while it was negatively correlated with total radiation and air temperature. The multiple regression equation of StWC and environmental factors of Lagerstroemia indica was , and the coefficient of determination of the equation was of 0.87. Furthermore, the results illustrated that the irrigation should pay attention to supplementing irrigation in time during the peak growing season of fruit.
Edge Computing-Enabled Wireless Sensor Networks for Multiple Data Collection Tasks in Smart Agriculture
At present, precision agriculture and smart agriculture are the hot topics, which are based on the efficient data collection by using wireless sensor networks (WSNs). However, agricultural WSNs are still facing many challenges such as multitasks, data quality, and latency. In this paper, we propose an efficient solution for multiple data collection tasks exploiting edge computing-enabled wireless sensor networks in smart agriculture. First, a novel data collection framework is presented by merging WSN and edge computing. Second, the data collection process is modeled, including a plurality of sensors and tasks. Next, according to each specific task and correlation between task and sensors, on the edge computing server, a double selecting strategy is established to determine the best node and sensor network that fulfills quality of data and data collection time constraints of tasks. Furthermore, a data collection algorithm is designed, based on set values for quality of data. Finally, a simulation environment is constructed where the proposed strategy is applied, and results are analyzed and compared to the traditional methods. According to the comparison results, the proposal outperforms the traditional methods in metrics.
Wireless Photoplethysmography Sensor for Continuous Blood Pressure Biosignal Shape Acquisition
Blood pressure assessment plays a vital role in day-to-day clinical diagnosis procedures as well as personal monitoring. Thus, blood pressure monitoring devices must afford convenience and be easy to use with no side effects on the user. This paper presents a compact, economical, power-efficient, and convenient wireless plethysmography sensor for real-time blood pressure biosignal monitoring. The proposed sensor facilitates blood pressure signal shape sensing, signal conditioning, and data conversion as well as its wireless transmission to a monitoring terminal. Received data can, subsequently, be compiled and stored on a computer via a Wi-Fi module. During monitoring, users can observe blood pressure signals being processed and displayed on the graphical user interface (GUI)—developed using a virtual instrumentation (VI) application. The proposed device comprises a finger clip optical pulse sensor, analogue signal preprocessing, microcontroller, and Wi-Fi module. It consumes approximately 500 mW power when operating in the active mode and synthesized using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components. Experimental results reveal that the proposed device is reliable and facilitates efficient blood pressure monitoring. The proposed wireless photoplethysmographic (PPG) sensor is a preliminary (or first) version of the intended device manifestation. It provides raw blood pressure data for further classification. Additionally, the collected data concerning the blood pressure wave shape can be easily analysed for use in other biosignal observations, interpretations, and investigations. The design approach also allows the device to be built into a wearable system for further research purposes.
Efficient Coverage Hole Detection Algorithm Based on the Simplified Rips Complex in Wireless Sensor Networks
The appearance of coverage holes in the network leads to transmission links being disconnected, thereby resulting in decreasing the accuracy of data. Timely detection of the coverage holes can effectively improve the quality of network service. Compared with other coverage hole detection algorithms, the algorithms based on the Rips complex have advantages of high detection accuracy without node location information, but with high complexity. This paper proposes an efficient coverage hole detection algorithm based on the simplified Rips complex to solve the problem of high complexity. First, Turan’s theorem is combined with the concept of the degree and clustering coefficient in a complex network to classify the nodes; furthermore, redundant node determination rules are designed to sleep redundant nodes. Second, according to the concept of the complete graph, redundant edge deletion rules are designed to delete redundant edges. On the basis of the above two steps, the Rips complex is simplified efficiently. Finally, from the perspective of the loop, boundary loop filtering and reduction rules are designed to achieve coverage hole detection in wireless sensor networks. Compared with the HBA and tree-based coverage hole detection algorithm, simulation results show that the proposed hole detection algorithm has lower complexity and higher accuracy and the detection accuracy of the hole area is up to 99.03%.